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Biomass Energy Conversion

What is biomass energy?  Biomass energy is the conversion of some biomass into a usable form of energy.  Biomass energy is commonly thought of as the conversion of biomass into a fuel that can be burned in an engine, but this is not the only use.  Biomass energy can also be converted into heat or steam that turns a turbine to allow for the generation electricity or other power requirements.  The biomass itself can be either starchy biomass, agricultural crop biomass, or woody biomass.

Starchy biomass can be any number of agricultural crops, including cassava, corn, grain sorghum (milo), sugar beets, sugar cane, or other starchy crops.  Agricultural crop biomass is the stalk, pod, shell, or other parts of crops, used to produce any number of food and feed crops.  Woody biomass includes any plant with a woody stalk.  Trees are the primary source of woody biomass.  This is often trees grown for timber.  These trees can be chipped, transported, and stored by conventional methods, or they can also be combusted, gasified, or pyrolized in available systems to produce heat and/or steam to generate heat and/or power or syngas for use in biochemical  or chemical synthesis.  Today rapid growth hybrids such as poplar and willow have been developed and are grown specifically for harvest and use in biomass power applications.  In addition, trees that have died as the result of drought or disease can also be harvested and used.  The use of wood pellets to heat homes and businesses has seen substantial growth, particularly in Europe, as a means us using more renewable energy.

At Lee Enterprises Consulting we have many highly qualified biomass energy experts available to assist with any project.  Feel free to call or email us for more information.