Emerging Feedstocks – Genetically Modified Trees

Genetically modified trees have been extensively academically explored as ideal feedstocks for pulp/paper and cellulosic ethanol. Novel trees include modifications that increase cellulose content, reduce lignin content, and even change lignin monolignol ratios. However, companies considering investing in these engineered managed forests need to examine technoeconomic feasibility prior to adoption. Specific attention to regulations, site…

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Livestock Grazing and Land Management Experts

Livestock grazing is an important tool in effective, sustainable range management.  In days gone by, people that owned cows and raised calves tended to think of themselves purely as beef producers. In the more modern cattle industry, we understand the use of herds as grass farmers, with cows being the vehicle to harvest forage and…

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Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation

Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation. The inter-microbial distances influence the biodegradation rates and specific growth in the formation of Methane. The microorganisms that form methane are physiological. They can grow only with a few specific substrates, such as H2 and CO2, formate, methanol, and acetate, and they, therefore, depend on others. Therefore, a syntrophic relationship is…

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Feed Ingredient Evaluation for Livestock Producers

Livestock feed evaluation? Livestock producers are constantly in search of ways to improve the economics of their operations.  One effective way of realizing improved economics is to incorporate new ingredients into the feeding operation.  In this venture, producers must be careful to make certain they are familiar with the new ingredient and fully aware of…

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Feedstocks: Agricultural

Agricultural Feedstocks for the renewable energy industry include starch and sugar crops (e.g., corn, sorghum), grass crops (e.g., switch grass, miscanthus), oil crops (e.g., soybean, sunflowers), and crop residues (e.g., corn stover, corn cobs, nut shells).  Agricultural feedstocks can create sustainable paths by using marginal croplands to generate energy products, and by adding value or…

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Carbon Black

Carbon black is an essential industrial chemical used to impart special properties to finished goods. It is composed of nucleated clusters of elemental carbon adding color, UV stabilization, heat dissipation and anti-static properties to plastic films, electrical parts, inks, and strength and wearability to automotive tires to name a few of its ubiquitous applications. The…

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Renewable Diesel Projects

As of this 2022 writing, it appears to be a boom time for renewable diesel projects. The Energy Information Administration estimates that renewable diesel production capacity in North America will surge by up to 500% in a few short years.  The question facing the industry is whether there are enough feedstock fats, oils, and greases…

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Renewable Diesel Feedstocks

The world of renewable diesel feedstocks is key to the emerging markets for hydrotreated oil and fats.  The world runs on about 240 million mt per year (tpy) of fats and oils. There is some 10% or double counting as virgin oils and fats that are used in cooking often return to the world market…

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