Cell Based Meat

“Cell-based meat” refers to meat that is grown directly from cells instead of meat that is harvested from an animal body. There is a broad array of companies in the cell-based meat space. Commercially successful cell-based meat operations will require many readily available cell lines for the different consumed species of mammals, birds, and fish.…

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Biogas from Landfills

Biogas from Landfills? A permanent fixture in today’s world, landfills typically have been open pit repositories for local waste, and in some cases, retired, and covered.  However, the biological reactions in these landfills create a marketable biogas that can be useful to the owner.  However, the consideration of taking a raw biogas from landfills and…

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Emerging Feedstocks – Genetically Modified Trees

Genetically modified trees have been extensively academically explored as ideal feedstocks for pulp/paper and cellulosic ethanol. Novel trees include modifications that increase cellulose content, reduce lignin content, and even change lignin monolignol ratios. However, companies considering investing in these engineered managed forests need to examine technoeconomic feasibility prior to adoption. Specific attention to regulations, site…

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Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation

Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation. The inter-microbial distances influence the biodegradation rates and specific growth in the formation of Methane. The microorganisms that form methane are physiologically. They can grow only with a few specific substrates, such as H2 and CO2, formate, methanol and acetate, and they therefore depend on other. Therefore, a syntrophic relationship is key…

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Anaerobic Digesters: Methanogen

Methanogen refers to an anaerobic process in which the electron equivalents in organic matter (BODL) are used to reduce carbon to its most reduced oxidation state, -4 in CH4, or methane. Methane is a poorly soluble gas that evolves from water. Thus, the BODL is removed from the water by directing electron equivalents to CH4,…

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Integrated Energy Planning

As the name implies, integrated energy planning involves the integration of different sectors of energy like petroleum, coal, natural gas, and renewables – normally to produce electricity, heat or transportation fuels.  Integrated energy planning includes energy used for homes and the industrial consumer and has the goal of reducing CO₂ emissions. Integrated energy planning involves…

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Cellulosic Agricultural Residue

Cellulosic agricultural residue is a broad term used to discuss cellulose based residues left after the harvest of a primary agricultural crop. These include everything that we would traditionally think of, such as corn stover, wheat and rice straws, bean stubbles, and potentially even some cover crops. Additionally, residues can take the form of forestry…

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Environmental Compliance for Bio Facilities

Environmental compliance has become an increasingly significant part of bio facility operations and planning. Frequently, the operation of a facility is dependent on complying with regulatory programs and laws at both the state and federal level. Environmental permits are often a critical path to authorizing construction and operation of new or modified facilities. Once environmental…

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