Aerobic Fermentation Processing

Bio-processing may involve aerobic fermentation, whereas ethanol and chemicals from starches and lignocellulosic materials are generally anaerobic processes. Aerobic fermentation is a metabolic process by which cells metabolize sugars via fermentation in the presence of oxygen and occurs through the repression of normal respiratory metabolism. Aerobic fermentation occurs in the presence of oxygen. It usually…

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Cellulosic Ethanol Experts

Cellulosic ethanol is a biofuel produced from the fibrous cellulose and hemicellulose fractions of herbaceous (switchgrass, corn stover, miscanthus) or woody biomass, as opposed to a plant’s seeds or fruit, and the cellulosic ethanol expert deals with these feedstocks that are mostly inedible, eliminating the “food v. fuel” arguments that sometime surround standard biofuels. Almost…

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The Expert Witness in Biofuels and Biochemicals Litigation

When oil prices are relatively low, and the status of U.S. government incentives has continued uncertainty, a predictable downturn in biofuel and biochemical related industries brings with it increased participant discomfort, leading to more lawsuits and finding the right biochemical or biofuels expert witness become paramount. Those of us that have been in the “bioeconomy”…

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Plastic Waste Experts

What do plastic waste experts or consultants do?  Plastic is one of the most widely used and cheapest materials in the world today. Almost everything is either made from plastic or wrapped in plastic. We use around 5 trillion plastic bags a year worldwide!  The US alone throws away enough plastic bottles in a week…

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RIN Values

RIN values are often a key consideration in making renewable fuels.  RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) are the 38-digit serial number assigned to renewable transportation fuels and heating oils that are made from an approved renewable feedstock. RINs are generated when a fuel is produced, and they are initially attached to the gallon of renewable fuel. From…

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The Business Plan as an Investor Sales Brochure

Business planning, and a business plan, is important for any business. Business planning provides managers the opportunity to systematically think through all aspects of their business:  who their customers are, who their suppliers are, who their competitors are—and how they will compete.  Planning allows managers to develop a profitable business model and determine how they will…

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Bio-Jet Fuel via Fischer-Tropsch

Sustainable transportation is making great strides and bio-jet fuel via Fischer-Tropsch is coming on the scene. Electrification of the automotive and public transport sectors is reducing emissions and allowing increased use of renewables. This has not been the case for aviation until recently, as that industry has continued to consume vast quantities of fossil fuels…

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Biogas Consultant

What does a biogas consultant or biogas expert do?  Biogas is a naturally occurring mixture of gases consisting mostly of methane and carbon dioxide and is produced from the decay of organic matter.  The production of biogas by commercial means is performed in landfills (landfill gas), anaerobic (without oxygen) and aerobic (with oxygen) digesters, covered and…

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