A Short History of Biofuels

Introduction History of biofuels? In the modern world, fuels are often equated with fossil fuels:  coal, oil and natural gas.  However, fossil fuels only came into their own during the 20th century.  From the time of the caveman until the early Industrial Revolution, biofuels – namely wood and the advanced biofuel of the day, charcoal – reigned…

Read more

Cellulosic Hydrolysis Reactors

Cellulosic Hydrolysis Reactors? Cellulosic materials, such as corn stover, cane, switchgrass, timber waste, municipal solid waste, etc., can be processed into fuels and renewable chemicals. Broadly speaking, there are two main methods: pyrolysis and hydrolysis. The former is relatively independent of feedstock but happens at high temperatures and may have yield losses due to breakdown…

Read more

Aerobic Fermentation Processing

Bio-processing may involve aerobic fermentation, whereas ethanol and chemicals from starches and lignocellulosic materials are generally anaerobic processes. Aerobic fermentation is a metabolic process by which cells metabolize sugars via fermentation in the presence of oxygen and occurs through the repression of normal respiratory metabolism. Aerobic fermentation occurs in the presence of oxygen. It usually…

Read more

Good Manufacturing Practices

“Good Manufacturing Practices” (GMPs) is a term describing a body of regulations promulgated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).  These are listed in the Code of Federal Regulations under part 21; they are numerous, extensive, and complex.  As a result, there exists a myriad of very similar definitions which attempt to describe the entirety…

Read more

Biochar Expert

What does a biochar expert do? First, let’s define biochar.  Biochar is the carbonaceous material produced by combustion of biomass.  Biochar is a stable solid, rich in carbon, and can endure in soil for thousands of years. It can be considered a method of sequestering carbon and has been shown to improve crop yields.  It…

Read more

Plastic Recycling

Despite the many positive benefits to using plastics and the impact they have had on daily life, they currently seem to have more of a negative reputation and plastic recycling has become a booming business.  This is due largely in part to mismanagement of plastic waste.  While much of the plastic waste is landfilled, a…

Read more

Biofuels Project Funding

As a greener planet and sustainable future would appear to be something everyone should agree on, the question becomes why biofuels project funding is not a given. Why do many bioenergy projects, even very good ones, not get the funding they need? Undoubtedly, there are many reasons that failures to obtain financing occur, but some…

Read more

Cellulosic Ethanol Experts

Cellulosic ethanol is a biofuel produced from the fibrous cellulose and hemicellulose fractions of herbaceous (switchgrass, corn stover, miscanthus) or woody biomass, as opposed to a plant’s seeds or fruit, and the cellulosic ethanol expert deals with these feedstocks that are mostly inedible, eliminating the “food v. fuel” arguments that sometime surround standard biofuels. Almost…

Read more