Industrial Fermentation: Selecting the Host Strain

When developing an industrial fermentation process, the choice of the production organism dictates much of the large-scale fermentation characteristics in addition to the nature of research and development and process development.  Well characterized strains with a large genetic manipulation tool set, such as Escherichia coli, can rapidly deliver R&D goals, yet E. coli tends to…

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Livestock Grazing and Land Management Experts

Livestock grazing is an important tool in effective, sustainable range management.  In days gone by, people that owned cows and raised calves tended to think of themselves purely as beef producers. In the more modern cattle industry, we understand the use of herds as grass farmers, with cows being the vehicle to harvest forage and…

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Feed Ingredient Evaluation for Livestock Producers

Livestock feed evaluation? Livestock producers are constantly in search of ways to improve the economics of their operations.  One effective way of realizing improved economics is to incorporate new ingredients into the feeding operation.  In this venture, producers must be careful to make certain they are familiar with the new ingredient and fully aware of…

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CAN/CSA-ISO 17225 Solid Biofuels Standards for Forest Biomass

In 2015, the Canadian Standards Association adopted and published a series of CAN/CSA – ISO 17225 Solid Biofuels Standards based on the harmonization of European and ISO standards.  The objective of the series, as stated in the ISO Standard, is “to provide unambiguous and clear classification principles for solid biofuels and to serve as a…

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An Overview of the Biochar and Activated Carbon Markets

Activated carbon markets? Biochar is an emerging market; growing rapidly, still in its infancy, but with gigaton market potential when we, as in humanity, start addressing the climate crisis. Activated carbons are a mature market of about one million tons annual production, which is growing slowly. They are basically like fraternal twins; they have a…

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Decentralized Organics to Energy with Containerized Anaerobic Digestion

Decentralized Organics to Energy with Containerized Anaerobic Digestion by John Forcier, P.E., Lee Enterprises Consulting Most trash and recycled waste materials are being processed on a regional basis to maximize the economy of scale. There have been various attempts to gather and process organic waste materials utilizing similar methods, but the challenges are far from…

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Advanced Fermentation Agitation with Methanotrophs and Other Organisms

By Gregory T. Benz, Lee Enterprises Consulting Introduction Advanced fermentation processes, both aerobic and anaerobic, have been successful on an industrial scale for quite a long time, producing a wide variety of products. In most of these processes, if any gas has been added, it has been either air or oxygen-enriched air. In the advanced bioeconomy,…

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Catalyst Experts

What do catalyst experts or catalyst consultants do? First, let’s define “catalyst”.  A catalyst is a material that is added to a chemical or biological process to improve the yield of a desired product.  Since the catalyst is not consumed in the process, it can be used many, many times for the same process.  There…

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