Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation

Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation. The inter-microbial distances influence the biodegradation rates and specific growth in the formation of Methane. The microorganisms that form methane are physiologically. They can grow only with a few specific substrates, such as H2 and CO2, formate, methanol and acetate, and they therefore depend on other. Therefore, a syntrophic relationship is key…

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Biochemical Conversion Processes

Biochemical conversion processes? Enzymes and micro-organisms are frequently used as biocatalysts to convert biomass or biomass-derived compounds into desirable products. Biotechnology advances are expected to lead to dramatic biochemical conversion improvements. The most popular biochemical technologies are anaerobic digestion (or biomethanation) and fermentation. Cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes break down the carbohydrate fractions of biomass into…

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Biofuels and Livestock Production

Livestock production and biofuels – especially ethanol – seem like a match made in Heaven.  Ethanol producers can leverage the corn-purchase requirements of integrated operations for the economic benefit of both.  Also, the co-products coming out of the ethanol plant can be fed back to the livestock – with the cost-savings synergies realized in not…

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COVID Impact on Pollution

How has COVID impacted pollution?  When history examines the 2020 impact of COVID 19, we believe it will show the pandemic as at least a bit of a mixed blessing.  What we believe history will show is that as people flew and drove less, air quality drastically improved.  In fact, we predictions that carbon emissions…

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Integrated Energy Planning

As the name implies, integrated energy planning involves the integration of different sectors of energy like petroleum, coal, natural gas, and renewables – normally to produce electricity, heat or transportation fuels.  Integrated energy planning includes energy used for homes and the industrial consumer and has the goal of reducing CO₂ emissions. Integrated energy planning involves…

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Feedstocks: Forestry

Forestry feedstocks utilized in the renewable industry include woody biomass such as: logging residue (e.g. slash, saw dust), forest management waste (e.g. wildfire mitigation, diseased tree removal), and dedicated energy forestry crops (e.g. poplar trees and willow stands).  A sustainable future requires solid forest management practices to maintain habitats for wildlife and minimize the devastating…

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Forest Biomaterials

Forest biomaterials are a class of solid materials derived from trees and shrubs. Forest biomaterials are a source of renewable products that offer many benefits in terms of abundance, low density, strength, cost, easily shaped or used and performance.  Obvious examples include building products, furniture and paper board, but the list also includes high-tech materials,…

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Carbon Black

Carbon black is an essential industrial chemical used to impart special properties to finished goods. It is composed of nucleated clusters of elemental carbon adding color, UV stabilization, heat dissipation and anti-static properties to plastic films, electrical parts, inks, and strength and wearability to automotive tires to name a few of its ubiquitous applications. The…

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