PFAS Experts

PFAS is short for “poly and perfluoroalkyl substances”.  You likely encounter it regularly, maybe multiple times a day. You might even consume it.  PFAS, a class of more than 4,000 different chemicals, is everywhere. It turns up in everything from household items to fast food wrappers. It has even been found in our blood. And new…

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Carbon Black Oil

Carbon black oil is the primary feedstock used to produce carbon black an essential industrial chemical that imparts special properties to finished goods. The carbon black market is dominated by a handful of multi-national producers utilizing residual fuel oil as the carbon source. Carbon black is composed of nucleated clusters of elemental carbon adding color,…

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Bunker Fuel Market Studies

As bunker fuel oil is the primary fuel used by the marine shipping industry to power their ships and move cargo and people around the globe, bunker fuel market studies are of particular importance to many.  Biobased bunker fuel is a rapidly emerging alternative to fossil oil fuels. The bunker fuel market is currently dominated…

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Biochemical Conversion Processes

Biochemical conversion processes? Enzymes and micro-organisms are frequently used as biocatalysts to convert biomass or biomass-derived compounds into desirable products. Biotechnology advances are expected to lead to dramatic biochemical conversion improvements. The most popular biochemical technologies are anaerobic digestion (or biomethanation) and fermentation. Cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes break down the carbohydrate fractions of biomass into…

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Biofuels and Livestock Production

Livestock production and biofuels – especially ethanol – seem like a match made in Heaven.  Ethanol producers can leverage the corn-purchase requirements of integrated operations for the economic benefit of both.  Also, the co-products coming out of the ethanol plant can be fed back to the livestock – with the cost-savings synergies realized in not…

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Integrated Energy Planning

As the name implies, integrated energy planning involves the integration of different sectors of energy like petroleum, coal, natural gas, and renewables – normally to produce electricity, heat or transportation fuels.  Integrated energy planning includes energy used for homes and the industrial consumer and has the goal of reducing CO₂ emissions. Integrated energy planning involves…

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Feedstocks: Forestry

Forestry feedstocks utilized in the renewable industry include woody biomass such as: logging residue (e.g. slash, saw dust), forest management waste (e.g. wildfire mitigation, diseased tree removal), and dedicated energy forestry crops (e.g. poplar trees and willow stands).  A sustainable future requires solid forest management practices to maintain habitats for wildlife and minimize the devastating…

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Methane

Methane (CH4) is a chemical compound with one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen.  It is the simplest alkane and is the main constituent of natural gas.  The abundance of methane makes it an attractive fuel, although capturing and storing can pose challenges.  Naturally occurring methane is found both below ground and under the…

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