Articles written by Lee Enterprises Consulting Bioeconomy Expert(s)

Industrial Hemp

Industrial Hemp Production, Cultivation, and Management, by: Susan P. Rupp, PhD (Lee Enterprises Consulting) The production of industrial hemp, grown for fiber, seed, and cannabidiol (CBD), has surged in recent years.  More recently, the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (2018 Farm Bill) authorized the production of hemp and removed hemp and hemp seeds from the…

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Hydrothermal Upgrading

What is hydrothermal upgrading?  Water above 100 °C changes from a liquid phase to a gas phase. One can change the temperature boundary by changing the pressure – a low pressure lowers the boiling point, similarly increasing the pressure maintains a liquid phase at higher temperatures than the boiling point – precisely why pressure cookers…

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More Rubber Extraction Refineries Coming?

Are more rubber extraction refineries in our future?  In 2004, the History Channel broadcast a Modern Marvels Special on Natural Rubber. My favorite quote from that special is “Our four most important natural resources are air, water, petroleum, and rubber.” (I would have argued for soil to be part of the list.) Nonetheless, while most…

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Perspectives on Waste-to-Energy Technologies

Waste to Energy Technologies By Zoltan Kish, Ph.D. Introduction Reducing the emission of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases is one of the greatest environmental challenges of our time. Growing population, increased urbanization rates and economic growth could lead to a doubling in the volume of municipal solid waste (MSW) created annually by 2025, according…

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Hot Prospects for Chemicals from Biomass

Chemicals from Biomass?  A major theme of 21st Century industrial development will be replacement of fossil resources by renewable resources in the production of fuels and chemicals.  Due to their massive scale and cost, the rate of displacing fossil facilities will necessarily be evolutionary rather than precipitous.  The most likely scenario is that the biorefinery…

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Clean Energy: Steam Reformation Technology

Clean Energy: Steam Reformation Technology By Zoltan Kish, Ph.D., Lee Enterprises Consulting  Introduction One possible solution for clean energy production is to produce energy products from waste and biomass feedstocks by effective Biomass/Waste-to-Energy technology applications. Typically, the waste is sent to landfills and the energy in waste is essentially lost, creating mountains of trash, and…

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