Renewable Hydrogen

Renewable hydrogen is produced by a process known as electrolysis, where an electric current splits water into hydrogen and oxygen. If the electricity is produced by renewable sources like solar, wind, or biofuels, the resulting hydrogen will be considered renewable as well and has numerous emissions benefits. Hydrogen produced from this process can be used…

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Livestock Grazing and Land Management Experts

Livestock grazing is an important tool in effective, sustainable range management.  In days gone by, people that owned cows and raised calves tended to think of themselves purely as beef producers. In the more modern cattle industry, we understand the use of herds as grass farmers, with cows being the vehicle to harvest forage and…

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Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation

Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation. The inter-microbial distances influence the biodegradation rates and specific growth in the formation of Methane. The microorganisms that form methane are physiological. They can grow only with a few specific substrates, such as H2 and CO2, formate, methanol, and acetate, and they, therefore, depend on others. Therefore, a syntrophic relationship is…

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Feed Ingredient Evaluation for Livestock Producers

Livestock feed evaluation? Livestock producers are constantly in search of ways to improve the economics of their operations.  One effective way of realizing improved economics is to incorporate new ingredients into the feeding operation.  In this venture, producers must be careful to make certain they are familiar with the new ingredient and fully aware of…

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Anaerobic Digesters: Methanogen

Methanogen refers to an anaerobic process in which the electron equivalents in organic matter (BODL) are used to reduce carbon to its most reduced oxidation state, -4 in CH4, or methane. Methane is a poorly soluble gas that evolves from water. Thus, the BODL is removed from the water by directing electron equivalents to CH4,…

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COVID Impact on Pollution

How has COVID impacted pollution?  When history examines the 2020 impact of COVID 19, we believe it will show the pandemic as at least a bit of a mixed blessing.  What we believe history will show is that as people flew and drove less, air quality drastically improved.  In fact, we see predictions that carbon…

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Forest Biomaterials

Forest biomaterials are a class of solid materials derived from trees and shrubs. Forest biomaterials are a source of renewable products that offer many benefits in terms of abundance, low density, strength, cost, easily shaped or used, and performance.  Obvious examples include building products, furniture and paper board, but the list also includes high-tech materials,…

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Methane

Methane (CH4) is a chemical compound with one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen.  It is the simplest alkane and is the main constituent of natural gas.  The abundance of methane makes it an attractive fuel, although capturing and storing can pose challenges.  Naturally occurring methane is found both below ground and under the…

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