Bio Litigation Experts

Renewable energy and biochemical consulting firms normally have bio litigation experts in fields like biofuels, biomaterials, biotechnologies, feedstocks, synthetic biology, and a vast array of other specialties. Most of these have experience as expert witnesses and are available to serve as such in bioeconomy litigation.  While expert witness services account for a small portion of the…

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Feed Co-Product Nutritional Value

What is my feed co-product worth?  In order to maximize revenue from this important product, every producer of feed co-products should constantly ask this question.  The answer may seem simple, but the determination is not.  The monetary value of any feeds can be determined from 3 basic Nutrition questions:  (1) What is the nutrient profile?, …

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Feed Co-Product Quality Measurement

We’re making Bio-Products – Ethanol, Bio-Diesel, and others.  We must meet minimum quality standards in order to sell these primary products.  That’s where we focus our attention – and we should!  If a tank of Ethanol does not meet spec, then we’ve got a big problem. As for the By-Products, most of us take the…

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Fuel Additives

The global fuel additives market is expected to reach an estimated value of $7.8 billion by 2023. The major drivers of the fuel additives are growing fuel demand, growing awareness among users regarding the benefits of fuel additives, demand for high fuel efficiency, and stringent regulations and emission standards adopted by various countries. There are…

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Low Cost Feedstocks

“Low-cost feedstock” is a common expression in the emerging bioeconomy. Years ago, restaurants paid to ship out the waste cooking oils and greases. Today those restaurants sell these wastes and greases to the markets.  Since feedstock normally accounts for the significant majority of biofuel costs, finding the lowest cost feedstock that will process into a…

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Energy Source of Feed Co-Products in Biofuels

When we say “bio-fuels co-products”, what is the first thing that comes to mind?  Usually, people think “protein” – and rightfully so.  And, to be fair, most livestock producers have the same thoughts!  Let’s face it:  protein is an expensive nutrient, on an individual basis.  However, the biggest single cost of producing animal protein is…

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Feed Co-Products in Biofuels – Protein

When we think of different biofuels co-products coming from biofuels operations, the one which immediately comes to mind is “protein feed for livestock”.  With very few exceptions, all co-products arising from biofuels production have some level of protein.  So, what makes one a “protein feed” and how do we classify these for our down-stream feed…

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Biofuels Feed Co-Products – Minerals

Bio-fuel production generally uses a fermentation process to convert starch into a desired product – for example, ethanol, bio-butanol, as well as others.  Corn and sorghum are the usual feedstocks for this source of starch.  Because corn (and sorghum) contain other nutrients besides the starch, these other nutrients are concentrated in the resulting co-products such…

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