Catalysis Consultant

Catalysis is the process of increasing the rate of some chemical reaction by adding a substance known as a catalyst. In today’s world many different things like petroleum products, plastics, textiles, pharmaceutical products, and various other chemicals are prepared through some catalytic processes.  Catalysts speed up chemical reactions but can be recovered unchanged at the…

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Sustainability Consulting

What is sustainability consulting?  Sustainability can be defined as the avoidance of the depletion of natural resources to maintain an ecological balance.  Sustainability focuses on meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs, and is composed of economic, environmental, and social sustainability. Sustainability consultants or experts…

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Why and When You Need a Project Consultant

In the bioeconomy, the role of project consultant in the bioeconomy is somewhat the same as in any industry, and somewhat unique.  It requires first and foremost, a clear understanding of everyone’s duties and limitations.  When an investor or developer hires a project consultant, what are they right to expect?  Someone who can lead and…

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The Industrial State of Biofuels Technologies

By Dr. Gerald Kutney, Lee Enterprises Consulting A myriad of biofuel technologies exist, but which ones are truly industrial processes? The question is not always easy to answer. And one must define what is meant by an industrial process. To facilitate this task, three classifications of industrial status are utilized: Established – modern facilities are numerous,…

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Advanced Fermentation Agitation with Methanotrophs and Other Organisms

By Gregory T. Benz, Lee Enterprises Consulting Introduction Fermentation processes, both aerobic and anaerobic, have been successful on an industrial scale for quite a long time, producing a wide variety of products. In most of these processes, if any gas has been added, it has been either air or oxygen-enriched air. In the advanced bioeconomy, organisms…

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Optimum Aspect Ratio for a Fermenter

What is the optimum aspect ratio (or height/diameter ratio) is for a fermenter?   The best answer is “it depends”. There is simply no universal optimum. The best design is worked on a case-by-case basis. We can list some factors that affect the optimum. Note that as aspect ratio increases, the following results are produced: The…

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Bioprocess Technology

What is bioprocess technology?  Bioprocess technology uses typically uses microbes such as yeast, bacteria, or fungi to produce a product by fermentation and/or enzymes to transform or modify a chemical or material to produce a final product.  Bioprocess technology is also commonly integrated with conventional physical and chemical methods to achieve a total process.  A…

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Optimization of Aerobic Fermentation

As most renewable energy companies (and power companies) know, power consumption during aerobic fermentation is one of the major operating costs. At any given point in the process, there are many combinations of airflow and agitation that will give the required mass transfer rate. But the combined power required of the agitator plus the compressor…

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