Renewable Hydrogen

Renewable hydrogen is produced by a process known as electrolysis, where an electric current splits water into hydrogen and oxygen. If the electricity is produced by renewable sources like solar, wind, or biofuels, the resulting hydrogen will be considered renewable as well and has numerous emissions benefits. Hydrogen produced from this process can be used…

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Commercialization of Biofuels Technology

Commercialization of Biofuels Technology refers to the process that transforms a biofuels technology from concept into a profitable biofuels’ technology operating entity. Inventors and their investors must convert their concepts into commercial success to achieve a financial return with the least amount of risk exposure. The normal path for commercializing a biofuels technology idea includes…

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Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation

Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation. The inter-microbial distances influence the biodegradation rates and specific growth in the formation of Methane. The microorganisms that form methane are physiological. They can grow only with a few specific substrates, such as H2 and CO2, formate, methanol, and acetate, and they, therefore, depend on others. Therefore, a syntrophic relationship is…

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Anaerobic Digesters: Methanogen

Methanogen refers to an anaerobic process in which the electron equivalents in organic matter (BODL) are used to reduce carbon to its most reduced oxidation state, -4 in CH4, or methane. Methane is a poorly soluble gas that evolves from water. Thus, the BODL is removed from the water by directing electron equivalents to CH4,…

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Process Development: Bench to Commercialization

Process development -leading a process from bench-scale optimization and characterization through scale-up to piloting and commercialization requires a variety of knowledge and skills for the process development engineer and scientist.  Beyond core competencies (e.g. chemistry, thermodynamics, mass and energy balances, etc.) of those that work in process development teams, there are additional skills that help…

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COVID Impact on Pollution

How has COVID impacted pollution?  When history examines the 2020 impact of COVID 19, we believe it will show the pandemic as at least a bit of a mixed blessing.  What we believe history will show is that as people flew and drove less, air quality drastically improved.  In fact, we see predictions that carbon…

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Forest Biomaterials

Forest biomaterials are a class of solid materials derived from trees and shrubs. Forest biomaterials are a source of renewable products that offer many benefits in terms of abundance, low density, strength, cost, easily shaped or used, and performance.  Obvious examples include building products, furniture and paper board, but the list also includes high-tech materials,…

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Carbon Black

Carbon black is an essential industrial chemical used to impart special properties to finished goods. It is composed of nucleated clusters of elemental carbon adding color, UV stabilization, heat dissipation and anti-static properties to plastic films, electrical parts, inks, and strength and wearability to automotive tires to name a few of its ubiquitous applications. The…

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