COVID Impact on Pollution

How has COVID impacted pollution?  When history examines the 2020 impact of COVID 19, we believe it will show the pandemic as at least a bit of a mixed blessing.  What we believe history will show is that as people flew and drove less, air quality drastically improved.  In fact, we see predictions that carbon…

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Forest Biomaterials

Forest biomaterials are a class of solid materials derived from trees and shrubs. Forest biomaterials are a source of renewable products that offer many benefits in terms of abundance, low density, strength, cost, easily shaped or used, and performance.  Obvious examples include building products, furniture and paper board, but the list also includes high-tech materials,…

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Climate Change Experts

So, what exactly is climate change and what do climate change experts do?  Climate change is defined as a change in global or regional climate patterns.  It is most pronounced from the mid to late twentieth century and forward and is largely attributed to increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere produced by the…

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Hot Prospects for Chemicals from Biomass

Chemicals from Biomass?  A major theme of 21st Century industrial development will be replacement of fossil resources by renewable resources in the production of fuels and chemicals.  Due to their massive scale and cost, the rate of displacing fossil facilities will necessarily be evolutionary rather than precipitous.  The most likely scenario is that the biorefinery…

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Advanced Fermentation Agitation with Methanotrophs and Other Organisms

By Gregory T. Benz, Lee Enterprises Consulting Introduction Advanced fermentation processes, both aerobic and anaerobic, have been successful on an industrial scale for quite a long time, producing a wide variety of products. In most of these processes, if any gas has been added, it has been either air or oxygen-enriched air. In the advanced bioeconomy,…

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Expert Witness – Biodiesel

Large renewable energy and biochemical consulting firms like Lee Enterprises Consulting have biodiesel specialists willing to serve as expert witnesses in related claims, litigation, arbitration, and mediations, or to help attorneys evaluate their biodiesel cases.  Although expert witness work is only a small part of what they do, most of these biodiesel expert witnesses are…

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Diesel Biodiesel

Diesel biodiesel, or simply “biodiesel,”  refers to vegetable oil, or animal fat-based, diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters.  Biodiesel is typically made by chemically reacting lipids (e.g., vegetable oil, soybean oil, animal fat (tallow) with an alcohol-producing fatty acid.  Biodiesel is meant to be used in standard diesel engines and…

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Powdered Activated Carbon

Powdered activated carbon (PAC) is dosed as needed, most commonly used in liquid applications, and removed via settling or filtration As the demand for activated carbon continues to grow, so too, does the number of suppliers. It can be an overwhelming decision to choose a suitable product. For drinking water (potable), PAC is typically added…

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