Industrial Hemp

Industrial Hemp Production, Cultivation, and Management, by: Susan P. Rupp, PhD (Lee Enterprises Consulting) The production of industrial hemp, grown for fiber, seed, and cannabidiol (CBD), has surged in recent years.  More recently, the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (2018 Farm Bill) authorized the production of hemp and removed hemp and hemp seeds from the…

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Bioprocess Technology

Bioprocess technology normally refers to the machinery and equipment in a biological products manufacturing facility where microbes such as yeast, bacteria, or fungi are used to produce a product by fermentation and/or enzymes to transform or modify a chemical or material to produce a final product.  Bioprocess technology is also commonly integrated with conventional physical…

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Bio-plastics

Bio-plastics are gathering lots of attention as U.S companies increasingly embrace the concept of a circular economy that aims to create innovative, sustainable ways to reduce waste and preserve resources. Biodegradable plastics are made from renewable biologic substances, from plants to agricultural waste, rather than petroleum. Their role is the focus of sessions at the…

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Biofuels Overview

The terms “biofuels” and “renewable biofuels” refer to a fuel produced by some biological process like agriculture or anaerobic digestion, as opposed to fossil fuels (coal and petroleum) which are produced through a geological process which come from prehistoric biological matter. After years of research and development, many biofuels now exist. They are normally classified…

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Bio-butanol

Bio-butanol is increasingly being seen as perhaps the next big alternative fuel option for powering vehicles. Its advantages over ethanol are significant. Butanol provides nearly as much energy as gasoline and does not decrease miles per gallon numbers as much as ethanol might. Also, bio-butanol does not appear to cause any damage to metals, allowing…

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