Biogas from Landfills

Biogas from Landfills? A permanent fixture in today’s world, landfills typically have been open pit repositories for local waste, and in some cases, retired, and covered.  However, the biological reactions in these landfills create a marketable biogas that can be useful to the owner.  However, the consideration of taking a raw biogas from landfills and…

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Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation

Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation. The inter-microbial distances influence the biodegradation rates and specific growth in the formation of Methane. The microorganisms that form methane are physiological. They can grow only with a few specific substrates, such as H2 and CO2, formate, methanol, and acetate, and they, therefore, depend on others. Therefore, a syntrophic relationship is…

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More Rubber Extraction Refineries Coming?

Are more rubber extraction refineries in our future?  In 2004, the History Channel broadcast a Modern Marvels Special on Natural Rubber. My favorite quote from that special is “Our four most important natural resources are air, water, petroleum, and rubber.” (I would have argued for soil to be part of the list.) Nonetheless, while most…

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Organic Acids: Key Facilitators of the Bio-economy

Organic Acids: Key Facilitators of the Bio-economy? Recent declines in oil prices and the failure of start-up biofuel processes to meet production cost targets have increased the interest in producing value added chemicals from biomass as coproducts. The vision is that these products can leverage the production of fuel by providing revenue to supplement the…

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Early-stage, Breakthrough Technologies: Biofuels, 10 of the Best

The concept of early stage, breakthrough biofuels technologies is a bit of an oxymoron.  At an early stage how does one determine if it something is a “breakthrough” biofuels technology? This article, first published in 2016, is still relevant today. The only way to determine if something is truly a “breakthrough” technology is for experts…

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Ocean Going Vessels Going Green

Ocean-Going Vessels Going Green? Currently, over 866 million tons per year of CO2, or 2.4% of the world’s total, come from maritime sources.   A report to the European Parliament predicts that maritime emission will account for up to 17% of total global greenhouse gas produced by 2050.   In the US market, ships used a 150,000…

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Circular Economy and Waste Conversion

The increasing amount of waste is one of the most demanding problems facing the world, which creates global environmental challenges. Worldwide, 2.12 billion tons of waste are generated annually, and it is expected to rise at the current trend. The most of the trash ends up in landfills emitting harmful pollutants into our air, water,…

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