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What is an Emerging Biofuel?

Within biofuels, examples of emerging technologies are: torrefaction to produce biocoal slow pyrolysis to produce biochar fast pyrolysis to produce pyrolysis oil and biochar hydrothermal carbonization to produce hydrochar hydrothermal liquefaction to produce biocrude stream treated to produce black pellets gasification to produce producer gas and/or syngas. With such early-stage ventures, an important early task […]

The Industrial State of Biofuels Technologies

By Dr. Gerald Kutney, Lee Enterprises Consulting A myriad of biofuel technologies exist, but which ones are truly industrial processes? The question is not always easy to answer. And one must define what is meant by an industrial process. To facilitate this task, three classifications of industrial status are utilized: Established – modern facilities are numerous, […]

An Overview of the current Biochar and Activated Carbon Markets

Biochar is an emerging market; growing rapidly, still in its infancy, but with gigaton market potential when we, as in humanity, start addressing the climate crisis. Activated carbons are a mature market of about one million tons annual production, which is growing slowly. They are basically like fraternal twins; they have a lot in common, […]

Early-stage, Breakthrough Technologies: Biofuels, 10 of the Best

The concept of early stage, breakthrough technologies is a bit of an oxymoron: at an early stage how do you determine if it is a breakthrough technology? The only way is for experts to give their opinion, and, usually, they are wrong, as reality seldom matches, or even comes close to, the hype. There are […]

A Short History of Biofuels

Introduction In the modern world, fuels are often equated with fossil fuels:  coal, oil and natural gas.  However, fossil fuels only came into their own during the 20th century.  From the time of the caveman until the early Industrial Revolution, biofuels – namely wood and the advanced biofuel of the day, charcoal – reigned supreme.  […]