What do enzyme experts do? Enzymes are protein molecules that are part of every living organism and support all of life’s functions. Enzyme technologies utilize biological catalysts, enzymes, rather than chemical catalysts in industrial reactions. Enzyme engineering is the application of altering the enzyme’s structure or modifying its activity to produce new metabolites, or to allow new pathways for reactions to convert from certain compounds into others. These products will be useful for chemicals, pharmaceuticals, fuel, food, or agricultural additives. Humans have adapted some of these specialized catalysts to industrial systems, including biofuel production, paper pulp bleaching and recycling, textile treatments, and diagnostic sensors. For biofuels, in particular, enzymes (cellulases) are used to break plant materials into sugars for fermentation. Others, lipase and phospholipase, can be used for biodiesel production. Many other used in bio-based products can be envisioned. An exciting recent development is the application of genetic engineering techniques to enzyme technology.
An enzyme expert has degrees and experience in enzyme biochemistry and an understanding of process engineering. Since enzymes catalyze a wide range of reactions, it is first important that this expert understands not only what makes enzymes work best, but also what destroys enzymes. This expert understands what maximizes and prolongs enzyme activity to convert a substrate or substrates to the desired product or products. This includes controlling the environment in which the reaction takes place. Common considerations such as temperature, pH, and shear forces play critical roles. Methods to protect enzymes such as immobilization, encapsulation, or other stabilizing means may also be important. An expert in enzymes must know which enzymes are utilized for which processes as well as how to source the enzymes. Not all enzymes are available in large volumes and some applications cannot be done because of high cost. An enzyme expert can assist clients with identifying the best enzyme for the particular application as well as what the price point would have been for that unit operation. They may also recommend potential suppliers and can assist in any processes where enzymatic reactions are involved. They can assist in a variety of matters involving biofuels and biochemicals, and where litigation is involved can serve as expert witnesses or consultants to assist the attorneys and court with understanding the processes involved.
With over 150 experts worldwide, Lee Enterprises Consulting has experts in many specific clean and renewable areas, including anaerobic digestion, fermentation, biomass, conversion technologies for things like tires and railroad ties, organic synthesis, fuel additives, ethanol gas, biodiesel fuel including algae biofuels, solid-state and industrial fermentation, green energy grants, ag-biotech, agricultural waste, alcohol fuels, alternative proteins and animal-free products, sustainable foods, beverage fermentation, biocatalysis, biodiesel conversion, biogas production, biomass power, carbon intensity, co2 utilization, combined heat & power, Fischer-Tropsch technology, food waste, hydrothermal carbonization, industrial enzymes, landfill management, microbial fermentation, organic synthesis, plastic pyrolysis, plastic recycling, plastic waste, pyrolysis oil, reactor design, renewable identification number, the Renewable Fuel Standard (rfs2), solid recovered fuels, torrefaction and torrefied biomass, waste to energy, and waste-to-hydrogen. This is a multidisciplinary group of green energy consultants that is a virtual “one-stop-shop” for any client need and handles projects of all types and sizes.
Look at our experts and the services we provide. Most of our experts are also available to advise and serve as expert witnesses in bioeconomy litigation matters. For the larger projects, we specialize in putting together full-service, interdisciplinary teams with one point of contact. See the video about LEC here. Call us at 1+ (501) 833-8511 or email us for more information.