BPA and Plastics

BPA (Bisphenol A), is a chemical widely used to make hard, clear plastics. Its strength, structural stability, and light weight have made it excellent for use in things like eyeglasses and water bottles.  However, BPA has been linked to several health problems as it disrupts how hormones function in the body. For many years BPA…

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Commercialization of Biofuels Technology

Commercialization of Biofuels Technology refers to the process that transforms a biofuels technology from concept into a profitable biofuels’ technology operating entity. Inventors and their investors must convert their concepts into commercial success to achieve a financial return with the least amount of risk exposure. The normal path for commercializing a biofuels technology idea includes…

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Anaerobic Digesters: Methanogen

Methanogen refers to an anaerobic process in which the electron equivalents in organic matter (BODL) are used to reduce carbon to its most reduced oxidation state, -4 in CH4, or methane. Methane is a poorly soluble gas that evolves from water. Thus, the BODL is removed from the water by directing electron equivalents to CH4,…

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Process Development: Bench to Commercialization

Process development -leading a process from bench-scale optimization and characterization through scale-up to piloting and commercialization requires a variety of knowledge and skills for the process development engineer and scientist.  Beyond core competencies (e.g. chemistry, thermodynamics, mass and energy balances, etc.) of those that work in process development teams, there are additional skills that help…

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Hydrothermal Upgrading

What is hydrothermal upgrading?  Water above 100 °C changes from a liquid phase to a gas phase. One can change the temperature boundary by changing the pressure – a low pressure lowers the boiling point, similarly increasing the pressure maintains a liquid phase at higher temperatures than the boiling point – precisely why pressure cookers…

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Perspectives on Waste-to-Energy Technologies

Waste to Energy Technologies By Zoltan Kish, Ph.D. Introduction Reducing the emission of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases is one of the greatest environmental challenges of our time. Growing population, increased urbanization rates and economic growth could lead to a doubling in the volume of municipal solid waste (MSW) created annually by 2025, according…

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Why and When You Need a Project Consultant

In the bioeconomy, the role of project consultant in the bioeconomy is somewhat the same as in any industry, and somewhat unique.  It requires first and foremost, a clear understanding of everyone’s duties and limitations.  When an investor or developer hires a project consultant, what are they right to expect?  Someone who can lead and…

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Plastics & Microwave Pyrolysis

Plastics & Microwave Pyrolysis by Dr. Elham Khagami. (This article first published in 2016) Energy is fundamental to economy and survival in today’s social activity. Clearly the search of alternative energy sources would have a high priority. Therefore, minimizing the quantity of waste being generated from the source energy such as recycling could be a…

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