Biofuels and Livestock Production

Livestock production and biofuels – especially ethanol – seem like a match made in Heaven.  Ethanol producers can leverage the corn-purchase requirements of integrated operations for the economic benefit of both.  Also, the co-products coming out of the ethanol plant can be fed back to the livestock – with the cost-savings synergies realized in not…

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Integrated Energy Planning

As the name implies, integrated energy planning involves the integration of different sectors of energy like petroleum, coal, natural gas, and renewables – normally to produce electricity, heat or transportation fuels.  Integrated energy planning includes energy used for homes and the industrial consumer and has the goal of reducing CO₂ emissions. Integrated energy planning involves…

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Feedstocks: Forestry

Forestry feedstocks utilized in the renewable industry include woody biomass such as: logging residue (e.g. slash, saw dust), forest management waste (e.g. wildfire mitigation, diseased tree removal), and dedicated energy forestry crops (e.g. poplar trees and willow stands).  A sustainable future requires solid forest management practices to maintain habitats for wildlife and minimize the devastating…

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Feedstocks: Agricultural

Agricultural Feedstocks for the renewable energy industry include starch and sugar crops (e.g., corn, sorghum), grass crops (e.g., switch grass, miscanthus), oil crops (e.g., soybean, sunflowers), and crop residues (e.g., corn stover, corn cobs, nut shells).  Agricultural feedstocks can create sustainable paths by using marginal croplands to generate energy products, and by adding value or…

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Methane

Methane (CH4) is a chemical compound with one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen.  It is the simplest alkane and is the main constituent of natural gas.  The abundance of methane makes it an attractive fuel, although capturing and storing can pose challenges.  Naturally occurring methane is found both below ground and under the…

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Carbon Black

Carbon black is an essential industrial chemical used to impart special properties to finished goods. It is composed of nucleated clusters of elemental carbon adding color, UV stabilization, heat dissipation and anti-static properties to plastic films, electrical parts, inks, and strength and wearability to automotive tires to name a few of its ubiquitous applications. The…

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Industrial Hemp

Industrial Hemp Production, Cultivation, and Management, by: Susan P. Rupp, PhD (Lee Enterprises Consulting) The production of industrial hemp, grown for fiber, seed, and cannabidiol (CBD), has surged in recent years.  More recently, the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (2018 Farm Bill) authorized the production of hemp and removed hemp and hemp seeds from the…

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Catalysis Consultant

Catalysis is the process of increasing the rate of some chemical reaction by adding a substance known as a catalyst. In today’s world many different things like petroleum products, plastics, textiles, pharmaceutical products, and various other chemicals are prepared through some catalytic processes.  Catalysts speed up chemical reactions but can be recovered unchanged at the…

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