Bioenergy Control System

What does a Bioenergy Control System expert or consultant do? First, let’s define this.  A Bioenergy Control System is a process in a bioenergy plant that consists of devices to measure properties of the plant feedstocks or products and that then takes an action to control the property.  An example would be temperature control of…

Read more

First Generation and Second Generation Biofuels

First generation biofuels are those made from sugar, starch, or vegetable oil.  Their feedstocks are those that may not be sustainable or might have an impact on food if used in large quantities.  These original first generation biofuels include biodiesel, ethanol, green diesel and biogas.  Second generation biofuels are those made from sustainable feedstocks as…

Read more

Biomass

Biomass is renewable organic material that comes from plants and animals.  Biomass contains stored chemical energy from the sun and the use of biomass fuels for transportation and for electricity generation is increasing as we continue avoiding carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels. Biomass can be burned directly for heat or converted to renewable liquid…

Read more

Granular Activated Carbon (GAC)

Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) is also used in a number of gas/air applications to remove contaminants.   As the demand for activated carbon continues to grow, so too, does the number of suppliers. It can be an overwhelming decision to choose a suitable product. GAC is used in both air and liquid applications, typically in a…

Read more

Thermochemical Expert

What does a thermochemical expert or a thermochemical consultant do? Thermochemical processes are most commonly employed for converting biomass and waste into fuel or processed further to produce value added chemicals. Major thermal conversion routes include incineration, pyrolysis, and gasification. The selection of the appropriate technology depends on the desirable end user application. The relative…

Read more

Heat Transfer Issues in Mechanically Agitated Fermenters

Heat Transfer Issues in Mechanically Agitated Fermenters? Aerobic fermentation generates a significant amount of heat, which must be removed to maintain a constant temperature. The main heat sources are metabolic heat generation, agitator power input, and compressor power input. Removing the heat is made more challenging by the fact that fermenters are operated at mild…

Read more

Gas to Liquids Technology

Gas-to-liquid (GTL) technology is the process of converting natural gas to synthetic hydrocarbon liquids, or syngas, as an intermediate step toward production of valuable liquid fuels such as diesel or methanol. The processes make use of what might be wasted, and liquid gas is more easily, safely and less expensively transported than methane or natural…

Read more

Gasification: The Flexible Answer to Biomass Conversion

Is biomass gasification the answer to biomass conversion? Biomass is a rich salad of chemicals that contains many highly valuable materials that are precursors to fine chemicals, nutrients, and pharmaceuticals. But this strength is also a weakness of biomass. The assortment of materials in biomass is bound together in a complex, stable structure in varying…

Read more