Biogas from Landfills

Biogas from Landfills? A permanent fixture in today’s world, landfills typically have been open pit repositories for local waste, and in some cases, retired, and covered.  However, the biological reactions in these landfills create a marketable biogas that can be useful to the owner.  However, the consideration of taking a raw biogas from landfills and…

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Commercialization of Biofuels Technology

Commercialization of Biofuels Technology refers to the process that transforms a biofuels technology from concept into a profitable biofuels’ technology operating entity. Inventors and their investors must convert their concepts into commercial success to achieve a financial return with the least amount of risk exposure. The normal path for commercializing an biofuels technology idea includes…

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Biochemical Conversion Processes

Biochemical conversion processes? Enzymes and micro-organisms are frequently used as biocatalysts to convert biomass or biomass-derived compounds into desirable products. Biotechnology advances are expected to lead to dramatic biochemical conversion improvements. The most popular biochemical technologies are anaerobic digestion (or biomethanation) and fermentation. Cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes break down the carbohydrate fractions of biomass into…

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Anaerobic Digesters: Methanogen

Methanogen refers to an anaerobic process in which the electron equivalents in organic matter (BODL) are used to reduce carbon to its most reduced oxidation state, -4 in CH4, or methane. Methane is a poorly soluble gas that evolves from water. Thus, the BODL is removed from the water by directing electron equivalents to CH4,…

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Process Development: Bench to Commercialization

Process development -leading a process from bench-scale optimization and characterization through scale-up to piloting and commercialization requires a variety of knowledge and skills for the process development engineer and scientist.  Beyond core competencies (e.g. chemistry, thermodynamics, mass and energy balances, etc.) of those that work in process development teams, there are additional skills that help…

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Stage Gate Approach to Project Management

A stage gate approach (also known as a phase-gate or waterfall approach) is a common project management technique in which a project is divided into phases or stages that are separated by decision making points known as gates).  At each “gate” the decision is made as to whether to stop, move forward with the existing scope, schedule,…

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What’s New and Important About C5 and C6 Sugars?

What’s up with C5 and C6 sugars? Given that a significant portion of the several billion dollars spent on renewable fuels spending involves these molecules, it is not surprising that progress is fast and furious. The goal of the biomass fuels and chemicals industry is to produce billions of gallons of fuel while avoiding impacting…

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