BPA and Plastics

BPA (Bisphenol A), is a chemical widely used to make hard, clear plastics. Its strength, structural stability, and light weight have made it excellent for use in things like eyeglasses and water bottles.  However, BPA has been linked to several health problems as it disrupts how hormones function in the body. For many years BPA…

Read more

Livestock Grazing and Land Management Experts

Livestock grazing is an important tool in effective, sustainable range management.  In days gone by, people that owned cows and raised calves tended to think of themselves purely as beef producers. In the more modern cattle industry, we understand the use of herds as grass farmers, with cows being the vehicle to harvest forage and…

Read more

Commercialization of Biofuels Technology

Commercialization of Biofuels Technology refers to the process that transforms a biofuels technology from concept into a profitable biofuels’ technology operating entity. Inventors and their investors must convert their concepts into commercial success to achieve a financial return with the least amount of risk exposure. The normal path for commercializing a biofuels technology idea includes…

Read more

Feed Ingredient Evaluation for Livestock Producers

Livestock feed evaluation? Livestock producers are constantly in search of ways to improve the economics of their operations.  One effective way of realizing improved economics is to incorporate new ingredients into the feeding operation.  In this venture, producers must be careful to make certain they are familiar with the new ingredient and fully aware of…

Read more

Anaerobic Digesters: Methanogen

Methanogen refers to an anaerobic process in which the electron equivalents in organic matter (BODL) are used to reduce carbon to its most reduced oxidation state, -4 in CH4, or methane. Methane is a poorly soluble gas that evolves from water. Thus, the BODL is removed from the water by directing electron equivalents to CH4,…

Read more

Process Development: Bench to Commercialization

Process development -leading a process from bench-scale optimization and characterization through scale-up to piloting and commercialization requires a variety of knowledge and skills for the process development engineer and scientist.  Beyond core competencies (e.g. chemistry, thermodynamics, mass and energy balances, etc.) of those that work in process development teams, there are additional skills that help…

Read more

CAN/CSA-ISO 17225 Solid Biofuels Standards for Forest Biomass

In 2015, the Canadian Standards Association adopted and published a series of CAN/CSA – ISO 17225 Solid Biofuels Standards based on the harmonization of European and ISO standards.  The objective of the series, as stated in the ISO Standard, is “to provide unambiguous and clear classification principles for solid biofuels and to serve as a…

Read more

An Overview of the Biochar and Activated Carbon Markets

Activated carbon markets? Biochar is an emerging market; growing rapidly, still in its infancy, but with gigaton market potential when we, as in humanity, start addressing the climate crisis. Activated carbons are a mature market of about one million tons annual production, which is growing slowly. They are basically like fraternal twins; they have a…

Read more