Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation

Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation. The inter-microbial distances influence the biodegradation rates and specific growth in the formation of Methane. The microorganisms that form methane are physiological. They can grow only with a few specific substrates, such as H2 and CO2, formate, methanol, and acetate, and they, therefore, depend on others. Therefore, a syntrophic relationship is…

Read more

More Rubber Extraction Refineries Coming?

Are more rubber extraction refineries in our future?  In 2004, the History Channel broadcast a Modern Marvels Special on Natural Rubber. My favorite quote from that special is “Our four most important natural resources are air, water, petroleum, and rubber.” (I would have argued for soil to be part of the list.) Nonetheless, while most…

Read more

Organic Acids: Key Facilitators of the Bio-economy

Organic Acids: Key Facilitators of the Bio-economy? Recent declines in oil prices and the failure of start-up biofuel processes to meet production cost targets have increased the interest in producing value added chemicals from biomass as coproducts. The vision is that these products can leverage the production of fuel by providing revenue to supplement the…

Read more

Early-stage, Breakthrough Technologies: Biofuels, 10 of the Best

The concept of early stage, breakthrough biofuels technologies is a bit of an oxymoron.  At an early stage how does one determine if it something is a “breakthrough” biofuels technology? This article, first published in 2016, is still relevant today. The only way to determine if something is truly a “breakthrough” technology is for experts…

Read more

First Generation Biofuels

First generation biofuels are those made from sugar, starch, or vegetable oil.  Their feedstocks are those that may not be sustainable or might have an impact on food if used in large quantities.  These original first generation biofuels include biodiesel, ethanol, green diesel, bioethers, biogas, and the solid biofuels covering everything from wood and sawdust…

Read more

First Generation and Second Generation Biofuels

First generation biofuels are those made from sugar, starch, or vegetable oil.  Their feedstocks are those that may not be sustainable or might have an impact on food if used in large quantities.  These original first generation biofuels include biodiesel, ethanol, green diesel and biogas.  Second generation biofuels are those made from sustainable feedstocks as…

Read more

Expert WItness – Biomaterials

Large renewable energy and biochemical consulting firms like Lee Enterprises Consulting have biomaterials specialists of all types willing to serve as biomaterials expert witnesses in related claims, litigation, arbitration, and mediations, or to help attorneys evaluate their biomaterials case.  Although expert witness work is only a small part of what they do, most of these…

Read more

Expert Witness – Feedstocks

Large renewable energy and biochemical consulting firms like Lee Enterprises Consulting have feedstock specialists willing to serve as feedstock expert witnesses in related claims, litigation, arbitration and mediations, or to help attorneys evaluate their biodiesel case.  Although expert witness work is only a small part of what they do, most of these feedstock expert witnesses…

Read more