Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation

Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation. The inter-microbial distances influence the biodegradation rates and specific growth in the formation of Methane. The microorganisms that form methane are physiological. They can grow only with a few specific substrates, such as H2 and CO2, formate, methanol, and acetate, and they, therefore, depend on others. Therefore, a syntrophic relationship is…

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Forest Biomaterials

Forest biomaterials are a class of solid materials derived from trees and shrubs. Forest biomaterials are a source of renewable products that offer many benefits in terms of abundance, low density, strength, cost, easily shaped or used, and performance.  Obvious examples include building products, furniture and paper board, but the list also includes high-tech materials,…

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More Rubber Extraction Refineries Coming?

Are more rubber extraction refineries in our future?  In 2004, the History Channel broadcast a Modern Marvels Special on Natural Rubber. My favorite quote from that special is “Our four most important natural resources are air, water, petroleum, and rubber.” (I would have argued for soil to be part of the list.) Nonetheless, while most…

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Organic Acids: Key Facilitators of the Bio-economy

Organic Acids: Key Facilitators of the Bio-economy? Recent declines in oil prices and the failure of start-up biofuel processes to meet production cost targets have increased the interest in producing value added chemicals from biomass as coproducts. The vision is that these products can leverage the production of fuel by providing revenue to supplement the…

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Early-stage, Breakthrough Technologies: Biofuels, 10 of the Best

The concept of early stage, breakthrough biofuels technologies is a bit of an oxymoron.  At an early stage how does one determine if it something is a “breakthrough” biofuels technology? This article, first published in 2016, is still relevant today. The only way to determine if something is truly a “breakthrough” technology is for experts…

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Expert Witnesses in the Bioeconomy

Large renewable energy and biochemical consulting firms like Lee Enterprises Consulting have bioeconomy specialists of all sorts, willing to serve as bioeconomy expert witnesses in related claims, litigation, arbitration, and mediations, or to help attorneys evaluate their biodiesel case.  Although expert witness work is only a small part of what they do, most of these…

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Strategic Marketing of Biobased Products

Strategic Marketing of Biobased Products? What can a strategic marketing expert do for your biobased products?  Quite simply, strategic marketing ensures that your product has the market potential to achieve your target sales and profitability. While technical expertise lowers the risk of processing raw materials into finished goods, strategic marketing lowers the risk of transforming…

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Hiring an Expert Witness in Bioeconomy Litigation

Hiring an expert witness in the bioeconomy can be a bit tricky.  In August 2017, I published an article that focused on important things that attorneys involved in biofuels or biochemical litigation should look for when choosing an expert witness.[1]  This article explores the subject of expert witnesses in a bit more depth, including where…

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