Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation

Anaerobic Digesters: Methane Formation. The inter-microbial distances influence the biodegradation rates and specific growth in the formation of Methane. The microorganisms that form methane are physiological. They can grow only with a few specific substrates, such as H2 and CO2, formate, methanol, and acetate, and they, therefore, depend on others. Therefore, a syntrophic relationship is…

Read more

More Rubber Extraction Refineries Coming?

Are more rubber extraction refineries in our future?  In 2004, the History Channel broadcast a Modern Marvels Special on Natural Rubber. My favorite quote from that special is “Our four most important natural resources are air, water, petroleum, and rubber.” (I would have argued for soil to be part of the list.) Nonetheless, while most…

Read more

Organic Acids: Key Facilitators of the Bio-economy

Organic Acids: Key Facilitators of the Bio-economy? Recent declines in oil prices and the failure of start-up biofuel processes to meet production cost targets have increased the interest in producing value added chemicals from biomass as coproducts. The vision is that these products can leverage the production of fuel by providing revenue to supplement the…

Read more

Early-stage, Breakthrough Technologies: Biofuels, 10 of the Best

The concept of early stage, breakthrough biofuels technologies is a bit of an oxymoron.  At an early stage how does one determine if it something is a “breakthrough” biofuels technology? This article, first published in 2016, is still relevant today. The only way to determine if something is truly a “breakthrough” technology is for experts…

Read more

Anaerobic Digesters Worldwide

Anaerobic digesters worldwide are becoming big business. While implementation is often very capital cost intensive, the benefits of waste remove and greenhouse gas reduction certainly provide long term social and financial benefits.   Anaerobic digestion is being increasingly implemented worldwide as businesses and communities increasingly turn wastes, like animal waste and sewage sludge, into energy to…

Read more

Renewable Energy Expert

What is a renewable energy expert?  Renewable energy, often referred to as clean energy, comes from natural sources or processes that are constantly replenished. This could include solar, wind, biofuels, hydroelectric and geothermal energy.  The opposite is nonrenewable energy which would includes fossil fuels like oil, gas, and coal.  These take millions of years to…

Read more

Bio-butanol

Bio-butanol is increasingly being seen as perhaps the next big alternative fuel option for powering vehicles. Its advantages over ethanol are significant. Butanol provides nearly as much energy as gasoline and does not decrease miles per gallon numbers as much as ethanol might. Also, bio-butanol does not appear to cause any damage to metals, allowing…

Read more