Blogs written by Lee Enterprises Consulting Bioeconomy Expert(s)

Combined Heat and Power

When we talk about a “combined heat & power” (CHP), often referred to as “Cogeneration” or “Cogen”, we are describing the practice of using fuel (or nuclear energy) to heat up a liquid, usually water, to a high-temperature superheated condition, using the superheated steam to drive a turbine or steam engine to produce power; often…

Read more

Biotechnology Evaluation Experts

What do biotechnology experts or consultants do?  Biotechnology is the use of some biological processes for industrial or other purposes, like the genetic manipulation of microorganisms for the production of antibiotics, hormones, etc.  There are many types of biotechnologies, including medical (such as vaccines and antibiotics), and agricultural (such as pest-resistant crops and plant and…

Read more

Nutraceutical Expert

What does a nutraceutical expert or consultant do? The term “nutraceutical” is used to describe these medicinally or nutritionally functional foods. Nutraceuticals, also called medical foods, phytochemicals, functional foods, and nutritional supplements, include such everyday products as “bio” yogurts and fortified breakfast cereals, as well as vitamins, herbal remedies, and even genetically modified foods and…

Read more

Biomass Solids Agitation via Turbine

What percent of biomass solids can be successfully agitated with a turbine agitator? In the early days of the development of biomass hydrolysis reactors, it was common to use rotating barrels (similar to continuous solids dryers), horizontal paddle mixers, and other mixing apparatus intended principally to mix solids as hydrolysis reactors. This is because high solids…

Read more

RIN Compliance

RIN COMPLIANCE A Renewable Identification Number (or RIN) is a serial number assigned to the volume of a batch of biofuel for the purpose of tracking its production, transfers, trading, and ultimate use or retirement.  This is required by the U.S. EPA’s Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) which was implemented as a result of the Energy…

Read more

Thermochemical Conversion

Thermochemical conversion is a broad classification of technologies, including combustion, gasification, pyrolysis, torrefaction, and liquifaction, utilizing temperature and pressure rather than chemical or biological catalysts or enzymes for the production of desired chemicals or fuels. Thermochemical conversion technologies may be applied to fossil and biogenic feedstocks – their action to decompose complex organic molecules to…

Read more

Renewable Fuels & Chemicals Process Optimization

Process optimization is the discipline of adjusting a process to optimize or make the best or most effective use of, some specified set of parameters without violating some constraint. The most common goals are minimizing cost and maximizing throughput and/or efficiency. In process optimization of a biofuels technology of plant, the goal is to maximize…

Read more

LCFS Compliance

California’s low carbon fuel standard (LCFS) was designed to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions from transportation fuels inside California. Carbon intensity is measured in grams of carbon dioxide equivalents (g CO2e) per unit energy (MJ) of fuel and is quantified on a life cycle basis. The LCFS utilizes a market-based solution to the need to…

Read more