CAN/CSA-ISO 17225 Solid Biofuels Standards for Forest Biomass

In 2015, the Canadian Standards Association adopted and published a series of CAN/CSA – ISO 17225 Solid Biofuels Standards based on the harmonization of European and ISO standards.  The objective of the series, as stated in the ISO Standard, is “to provide unambiguous and clear classification principles for solid biofuels and to serve as a…

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An Overview of the Biochar and Activated Carbon Markets

Activated carbon markets? Biochar is an emerging market; growing rapidly, still in its infancy, but with gigaton market potential when we, as in humanity, start addressing the climate crisis. Activated carbons are a mature market of about one million tons annual production, which is growing slowly. They are basically like fraternal twins; they have a…

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Power to Save Family Farms and the Environment With Anaerobic Digestion

Farm-based anaerobic digester systems have adapted in various regions of the world. The “European Model” relies on cash crops and manures with very high incentives and feed-in-tariffs. The “U.S. Model” is based on mostly or all cow manure from large farms (800 to 2,500 cows, or more). The “North American Model” utilizes cow manure and…

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What to do About Algae?

(Note:  This is was written in 2016 and may contain information that is now out of date). In thinking about algae, I am reminded of my visit some years ago to a platinum mine in South Africa. About a mile underground at the end of the maze of tunnels at the ‘minefront’ they excavate about…

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Torrefied Biomass

Torrefied biomass is available, efficient, CO2 neutral and economic, and likely the best solid biomass on the market.  Torrefaction is a thermal pre-treatment technology used to upgrade lignocellulosic biomass to higher quality and more attractive biofuel. In the torrefaction process, biomass is heated to 250-350°C in a low oxygen atmosphere, so that all moisture is…

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