Analyzing Heat Transfer Requirements in Agitated Fermenters or Bioreactors

Analyzing heat transfer requirements in an agitated fermenter or bioreactor involves consideration of the combination of mild process temperatures and large heat loads that often require substantial heat transfer area, low cooling media temperatures, or both. The difficulty increases with scale, but it is helpful to evaluate different alternatives such as jackets, helical coils, vertical…

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Bioenergy Project Funding

Can we identify the key reasons that many bioenergy projects fail to get funding?  Yes.  Is there a “magic bullet” that guarantees funding for a bioenergy project?  No, but a review of the common characteristics of those that fail to receive funding is not difficult, and once understood, provides a pathway to the best chance…

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