With over 150 bioenergy, biomaterials, biochemical, synthetic biology and hemp/cannabis experts worldwide, our consultants have performed thousands of projects. Below are recent samples.
Advanced Ceramic Materials – Developed materials process to modify ceramic structure leading to high density and thermal shock resistance with high levels of toughness, hardness, chemical and wear resistance, and modified thermal and electrical properties. The technology has potential to extend the performance of advanced ceramic materials and subsequent products in structural and electronic applications.
Air Permitting – Worked with facility owners and management to submit appropriate information and applications to local, state and federal jurisdictions to obtain construction and operating permits.
Anaerobic Digester Facilities Producing Biomethane to Natural Gas Pipeline: Project Manager for Anaerobic Digester & Subject Expert on Independent Engineering Study and Peer Review of 12 farm covered lagoon anaerobic digesters to handle cow manure from ~100,000 dairy cows and to produce biogas, which is conditioned and upgraded to BioMethane (RNG) and connected to the Natural Gas pipeline (totaling ~10 MWe equivalent) to sell for CA RIN’s & LCFS.
Anaerobic Digester Upgrade: 3.2 MW AD Facility: Project Manager. Providing Peer Review, initial AD operations recommendations, recipe management assistance and process improvements assistance for a complete mix anaerobic digester facility that handles 423 MT/day (154,000 MT/year) of food waste, Fats-Oils-Grease (FOG) and source-separated organics (SSO) with biogas that fuels 3.2 MW of CHP generator sets and provides up to 11 MMBtu/hour of process heat and excess heat for nearby buildings. Also includes a Scott Thor SSO De-Packaging system and a sludge drying system that produces Class A biosolids used as organic fertilizer for nearby land application.
Anaerobic Digestion – Provided expertise and expert witness services in several anaerobic digestion matters.
Anaerobic Digestion Process Improvement: Project Engineer. Provided AD operations recommendations, recipe management assistance and process improvements assistance for a complete mix anaerobic digester facility that handles 616 MT/day (219,000 MT/year) of food waste, Fats-Oils-Grease (FOG) and source-separated organics (SSO) with biogas that fuels 5.2 MW of CHP generator sets and provides up to 17 MMBtu/hour of process heat and excess heat for nearby buildings. Also includes a SSO De-Packaging system and a sludge drying system that produces Class A biosolids used as organic fertilizer for nearby land application.
Asset Appraisals & Valuations – Conducted appraisals of many types of biofuels, bioenergy and wood pellet mills and equipment.
ASTM Guideline Consulting – Conducted sampling and testing programs to meet ASTM guidelines for biofuels plants.
Biodiesel Market Research – Conducted study as to current state of the global biodiesel market, including feedstock analysis and composition, general global biodiesel market study, logistical information including pricing, key suppliers, and other market factors.
Biodiesel Plant Business Case Development – Technology assessment and business case development for a 15 million gallon/year biodiesel facility using forest residuals for feedstock. Included identification of technology suitable for non-recourse debt financing, development of capital and operating costs, feedstock assessment, and market analysis.
Bioenergy Facility Site Selection – Evaluated multiple sites for suitability for biomass conversion technology. Assessment included feedstock availability, site logistics, infrastructure, and impact on project economics. Work included a combination of research, discussions with relevant parties, and inspection of potential sites.
Bio-Oil Techno-Economic Analysis – Performed techno-economic and potential assessment of bio-based feedstocks suitable for direct co-processing. The scope covered novel/industrial crop oils, waste oils and fats, and bio-oils derived from solid biomass (agricultural and forestry residues, various wastes, and energy crops) for bio-oil co-processing at European refineries.
Biomass Cogeneration Power Project – Agricultural Waste – Project development services for a 2 MW biomass cogeneration power project in northern Thailand using rice husk as primary fuel source. Activities included feasibility study, fuel availability study, environmental and community impact assessment, grid connection study, preliminary design, PPA application, licensing & permitting, preparation of tender documents, contractor negotiations, construction inspection & supervision, and commissioning & startup supervision.
Biomass Export Products from Forest Residues – Conducted study for biomass exports for major Australian forestry company for two regions in eastern Australia. Study detailed appropriate products, including black pellets and pyrolysis oil, outlined the technologies to make them and technology companies, analyzed markets for these products in Japan and Europe, and described highly efficient supply chains to get product competitively to market.
Biomass Power Generation Assessments – Conducted studies of market opportunities and the regulatory environment for investment in grid-connected, bagasse-fired cogeneration power projects in the Philippines and Thailand. The completed reports included overviews of the countries’ power sectors, electricity markets, available technologies, summaries of the sugarcane industry & companies involved, status of biofuels for electricity generation, and options for financing.
Biomass Power Generation Design – Designed, engineered, and managed construction for two greenfield biomass power generation facilities based on 6.5 MW modules using Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) technology for reduced operations and maintenance costs. Projects utilized wood residuals from sawmills and logging operations to generate clean power and heat to be used for lumber drying. These were the largest facilities of this type in the world when completed.
Business Planning – Created business plans for several types of biofuels, biochemical, biomass power, anaerobic digestion and pyrolysis operations.
Business Case Development – Conducted technology assessments and business case development for different types of facilities utilizing a variety of feedstocks. Work included identification of technology suitable for non-recourse debt financing, development of capital and operating costs, feedstock assessment, and market analysis.
Design & Fabrication of a Bio-oil Process Plant – Design and fabrication of a 120 t/d bio-oil production from waste biomass plant.
Design & Fabrication of Hydropyrolysis Pilot Plant – Design & fabrication of a 2 kg/hr. hydropyrolysis pilot plant.
Due Diligence, Investment – Engaged by investment firms to conduct business and technology audits of biomass and biofuels start-ups and existing ventures, including demonstration facilities, operating conditions and data, pro formas, and related documentation.
EPA and IRS Plant Registrations – Assisted renewable fuels plants in filing the appropriated documentation and fulfilling the requirements for required IRS, EPA and state registrations.
Ethanol Expertise – Provided expertise and expert witness services in several ethanol related matters.
Ethanol Plant Due Diligence – Evaluated investment for a bank considering financing two ethanol plants, including reviews of the documentation, covenants and finance structuring.
Executive Recruiting – Conducted specialized recruitment to source biofuels, biomass and biomaterials professionals (plant managers, chemists, and other professionals) at various locations.
Expert Witness Services – Most of our 100+ experts have evaluated matters within their specialty and testified as expert witnesses on a variety of biomass and bioenergy projects.
Feasibility Studies – We have conducted a variety of feasibility studies worldwide for biodiesel, ethanol, biomass power, anaerobic digestion, pyrolysis, wood waste to diesel fuel, and biochemical companies worldwide. Also assisted a major cruise line in assessing the viability of using biofuels in ocean-going cruise ships and major international airlines in determining economic feasibility of using renewable diesel as a sustainable aviation fuel replacement for current petro-diesel jet fuels.
Feedstock Evaluation – We have evaluated many types of feedstocks for a number of clients, to determine and implement the most practical and profitable options.
Feedstock Site Selection – We have evaluated multiple sites for suitability for biomass conversion and other technologies. Assessments included feedstock availability, site logistics, infrastructure, and impact on project economics. Work included a combination of research, discussions with relevant parties, and inspection of potential sites.
Feedstock Procurement & Financing Assistance – Provide biodiesel and ethanol feedstock procurement, help secure financing and hedging advice for biodiesel and ethanol plants. We locked in forward margins via hedging instruments and assisted plants to obtain working capital by identifying feedstock finance programs where feedstock is funded until it is converted to fuel.
Food Company Use of Food Grade Alcohol – Provided guidance to identify alcohol options that will deliver acceptable drying properties and identified codes, regulations, safety requirements, and the likely machine design specifications for using and storing various amount of ethanol.
Food Waste Digester Feasibility Study: Feasibility Study for an Anaerobic Digester System for handling ~2,500 tons/year of food waste (pre-consumer and post-consumer, including cafeteria food waste) and Fats-Oils-Grease (FOG).
Gasification/Syngas Due Diligence – Conducted review of suitable gasification suppliers to process feedstocks composed of recycled plastic and cellulose, and assisted developing the suitable cleanup and processing of the resulting syngas.
Gasification Technology Due Diligence – Evaluated investment for a third party considering investing in a gasification technology, including evaluation of plant and technical and economic feasibility of the technology.
General Consulting – Biofuels & Renewable Chemicals – Provided a variety of consulting services for many biofuels and renewable chemical companies and plants worldwide.
GHG Credit, Life Cycle Analysis & RIN Research – Report on qualification and steps required to obtain credits from harvesting trees to produce hydrogen or methane for use in transportation.
Grant Proposals – We have written and evaluated a number of grant proposals for a variety of companies, including a multinational company co-developing a process for producing Omega-3 fatty acids, and DOE grant proposals involving extraction of valuable products from aqueous product streams from fermentation processes utilizing a variety of techniques including membrane technologies.
High-Temperature Superconductors – Researched high-temperature (High-Tc) superconductors including syntheses, films preparation, and investigating properties of superconducting phases in the Bi-Pb-Sr-Ca-Cu-O and Y-Ba-Cu-O systems.
Hydroelectric Power Generation – Assisted owner with project development, PPA acquisition, and project implementation planning for a 25 MW run-of-river power facility. Provided project and construction management services during design, construction, commissioning, and start up. Additional services included the control system design and implementation and the transmission line design.
Insurance – Provided various insurance coverages for biodiesel, ethanol, grain solvent extraction and other plants in the U.S.
Insurance Evaluation – Expert for insurance company involved in biodiesel plant equipment breakdown with respect to losses associated with equipment breakdown, cleanup process and resulting business losses as result of breakdown.
Investment Due Diligence – Engaged by lenders and investment firms worldwide to conduct technical and financial due diligence for loans and investments for start-up and existing operations, including a tire pyrolysis venture for an IPO filing. Services also include evaluation of demonstration facilities, operating conditions and data, pro formas, and related documentation.
Landfill Evaluation and Due Diligence – Evaluation and due diligence for a third party considering investments into landfills.
Latex Dipping Projects – Conducted several projects in the latex-dipped products industry, including trouble-shooting processing problems, and helping companies modify their products to address new FDA requirements, such as the recent ban on glove donning powder.
Marketing of Biofuels – Assisted renewable fuels plants in securing long term off-take agreements and negotiating resulting contracts.
Market, Economic & Technology Analysis – Heat treatment of Canadian hardwood to produce an insect-resistant and decay-resistant product.
Microwave Anaerobic Digestion – Evaluated microwave-assisted anaerobic digestion of pig manure operations.
Next Generation Renewable Jet Fuels – Conducted research for development of next-generation renewable jet fuels.
OSHA PSM – Conducted comprehensive process safety management (PSM) compliance audits of biodiesel and ethanol facilities as required by law; identified deficiencies, and provided subsequent assistance to obtain compliance with 29 CFR 1910.119, OSHA’s Process Safety Management standard.
PHA Production Facility Evaluation – Evaluation of PHA Plant Production, Markets, & Expansion Plans for Capital Financing Group
Plant Design & Fabrication – Fora variety of facilities, including:
- 25+ biodiesel plants.
- A 2 kg/hr hydropyrolysis pilot plant and a 120 t/d bio-oil from waste biomass production plant
- A 1.5 t/d integrated biomass feed capacity bio-refinery
- A 15t/d and a 30t/d wood feed capacity biomass to food additives production plants utilizing biomass pyrolysis
- Two 1.5l/hr and one 10 t/d biomass catalytic cracking pilot and demonstration plants
- A bio-oil plant using pyrolysis for processing 50t/d of waste from palm oil production
Process Optimization – Optimized a polymer pyrolysis process for a company focused on recovering valuable chemical building blocks and intermediates from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW). With kinetic functions obtained from a combination of literature and experiment, the decomposition profile was modeled as a function of process parameters including: temperature, time, pressure, flow rates, and MSW composition. The kinetic model formed the basis of a demonstration plant under construction that will recover 4,000 tons per year of valuable chemicals.
Plant Optimization – Maximized the yields, and the energy & labor efficiency, and implemented procedures to minimize waste at multiple biodiesel and ethanol plants worldwide.
Project Management & Financing – Developed commercial scale integrated biorefinery projects. Project elements included selection of Engineering, Procurement & Construction (EPC) companies, development of Basic and Detailed Engineering packages, site selection, coordination of feedstock and off-take agreements; project financing package development, and the identification and structuring of project financing.
Renewable Aviation Fuels – Conducted research for development of next generation renewable jet fuels.
Renewable Diesel – Provided expertise and expert witness services in renewable diesel matters.
Renewable Diesel Due Diligence – Evaluated investment for a third party considering renewable diesel/HVO production site in Asia.
Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Study – Determined estimated value of RNG in California. Created a life cycle model and scenarios for carbon capture and study to determine carbon intensity and calculation of CO2 sequestered in algae pond(s) to determine the value of the carbon captured under the RFS, RINS and LCFS and any other programs available.
RFS Engineering Reviews – Provided government required engineering reviews for numerous biodiesel and ethanol plants.
RFS & LCFS Evaluation – Assessed fuel supply outlook and regulatory changes to the LCFS and similar programs that have the potential to impact the growth and sustainability of opportunities for renewable fuel producers looking to participate in both Pacific Coast and the RFS marketplaces. Assisted with fundamental price modeling for fuels and credits.
RIN Assistance & EPA Approval – Provided RIN assistance and EPA approval assistance to several projects.
RIN Training – Consulted on and trained plant personnel in the registration for and production of Renewable Identification Numbers as required by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
Risk Assessments – Performed Process Hazard Analyses (PHA) using Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) study methodology, including structured and systematic examination of existing processes and operations, to identify and evaluate problems that may represent risks to personnel or equipment.
Rubber & Latex Expertise – Provided expertise and expert witness services in several rubber and latex related matters.
Start-up Training – Developed and implemented an online operations training program for fuel ethanol production facilities that utilizes process flow diagrams, process control diagrams, block flow diagrams and 3D models to educate ethanol production facility operators on the role of each piece of equipment in the process, identify equipment locations, describe process flows, state equipment processing functions, describe basic process controls and identify main equipment internal components.
Semiconductor and Optical Materials – Research of the ternary compounds including syntheses, single crystal growth, phase equilibrium, properties; theories of formations of the complex compounds, crystallographic classification, and changing properties; and predicting the possibility of the existence of the new compounds and their crystal structure and properties. The developed complex compounds from the Tl – Pb – Te, Tl – Ta – S, and AI – BIII – CVI systems (AI – Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Ag, Cu; BIII – Ga, In, Tl; and CVI – S, Se, Te) are promising semiconductor, electro-optic, nonlinear-optic, luminescence, pyroelectric, and piezoelectric materials.
Site Location – Biochemicals & Bioproducts– Located suitable tolling facilities for industrial biotech products; focus was primarily on large scale fermentation and downstream processing.
Site Selection – Evaluated multiple sites for suitability for biodiesel, ethanol, biomass conversion, and other biofuels and biochemicals projects. Assessments included feedstock availability, site logistics, infrastructure, and impact on project economics, including a combination of research, discussions with relevant parties, inspection of potential sites, and suitable tolling facilities.
Tax Credit Consulting – Assisted various clients with applying for and securing state/province and federal tax credits in U.S. and Canada.
Technology Development – Including biofuels and additives, biomass/waste conversion and scrubbing/cleaning systems processes, gasification, pyrolysis, steam reformation, gas-to-liquid technologies to produce clean energy and higher value products from waste feedstocks such as biomass, municipal solid waste, industrial waste, medical waste, sewage sludge, and used tires, azeotropic distillation as a method for extracting useful chemicals from pyrolysis process streams, bio-derived fillers into polymers, reactor system for a UV-catalytic hybrid reactor to pasteurize waste water and food products, process for recovering heat and oil, and producing pure potable water from snack chip manufacturing vent gas, extraction of useful metals from natural and industrial brine solutions, valorization of waste from food processing, and conversion of small organic molecules in waste water to useful extractable products.
Technology Evaluation – Including biofuels, biochemicals, bioplastics, bioproducts, enzymes, gas to liquid (modular syngas upgrading process), hydrothermal carbonization of digestate, CO2 to fuels, and wood pellets/wood to fuels projects, “drop-in” transportation biofuels from forestry biomass and wood residuals, technologies using forestry biomass as a feedstock (i.e. catalytic (fast) pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and gasification), technologies for removing fluorine and other anions from drinking water, use of forward-osmotic technology for industrial waste water purification including the testing of new membrane materials, and selective oxidation catalysts.
Thermal Cracking – A key intermediate in the preparation of a high value coating product was purified by controlled thermal cracking for an international polymers company. Energy savings of 35% was realized by closely controlling and optimizing the heat transfer to the cracking process and intensifying the process operation. Designed experiments to validate kinetic models to prepare the process for commercial implementation. The process is currently being scaled up to commercial scale.
Tire Life Cycle Analysis, RIN & LCFS Research – Report on qualification and steps required to obtain credits from processing tires to produce hydrogen or methane for transportation while qualifying for RIN credits.
United Nations Study – At the request of the United Nations, developed a study of potential pyrolysis oil markets in several EU countries and Japan. Study was of liquid pyrolysis oil, made from biomass, to be used to replace fossil oil in many industrial, commercial and residential applications.
Wastewater Treatment Feasibility Study: Project Manager for Process design team member in preparing a Wastewater Treatment Facility to add Anaerobic Digester feasibility study to compare several anaerobic digester technologies utilizing on-site municipal wastewater sludge, off-site food waste, fats-oils-grease (FOG) and source-separated organics feedstock to fuel a 400 kW CHP generator set, to provide 50 SCFM of BioCNG (RNG) to fuel the municipal fleet and to provide process heat and excess heat for surrounding buildings. Also includes an on-site compost facility to produce Class A (PFRP) compost from the digestate. Also considered a Pyrolysis option (including by-products of Syngas, Synthetic Oil and Biochar) in lieu of Anaerobic Digestion.
Water Permitting – Worked with facility owners and management to submit appropriate information and applications to local, state and federal jurisdictions to obtain construction and operating permits.
Wood Combustion Study for Fire School – Scientific research and report comparing combustion products of wood and particle board for a Fire Department Training Academy considering presence of phenol-formaldehyde resin in particle board.