Fuel oils are refinery products from distillation of crude oil used in industrial applications for generating heat or power as home heating oil, bunker fuel or in utility power generation. Fuel oils are the heaviest oils left over after gasoline and diesel fuels are removed. Fuel oils are composed of long chain hydrocarbons with varying compositions of aliphatic or aromatic compounds that determine their characteristics. The largest consumer today for heavy fuel oil is the ocean shipping industry as marine fuel or bunker fuel. Use as carbon black oil is the second largest application for the fraction with the highest levels of aromatic hydrocarbons.
Experts in fuel oils are needed to understand the sources and characteristics that will determine their use in bunker fuel blending or carbon black applications. New International Maritime Organization’s low sulfur requirements in bunker fuel that went into effect January 2020 have created massive changes worldwide in the availability of bunker fuel that steamship owners can use. Fuels that meet sulfur and other specs may be sourced and correctly characterized to avoid penalties and port restrictions. There are efforts to find alternative non-petroleum-based fuel oil sources, such as biodiesel and renewable diesel.
Large renewable energy and biochemical consulting firms like Lee Enterprises Consulting will have plastic resin experts in their wide range of services and other things like biofuels, biochemicals, biotechnologies, biomaterials, synthetic biology commercialization, feedstocks, and hemp/cannabis. These companies should have business and financial services like due diligence, feedstock availability, grants and loans and bio market research. The company also offers technical and engineering related services like techno economic analysis, environmental evaluations, feasibility studies, risk analysis and expert witness engagements. They might also have strategic partnerships in place to assist clients with insurance, legal, accounting, plant fabrication, feedstock procurement.
With over 150 experts worldwide, Lee Enterprises Consulting has experts in many specific clean and renewable areas, including anaerobic digestion, fermentation, biomass, conversion technologies for things like tires and railroad ties, organic synthesis, fuel additives, ethanol gas, biodiesel fuel including algae biofuels, solid state and industrial fermentation, green energy grants, ag biotech, agricultural waste, alcohol fuels, alternative proteins and animal-free products, sustainable foods, beverage fermentation, biocatalysis, biodiesel conversion, biogas production, biomass power, carbon intensity, co2 utilization, combined heat & power, Fischer-Tropsch technology, food waste, hydrothermal carbonization, industrial enzymes, landfill management, microbial fermentation, organic synthesis, plastic pyrolysis, plastic recycling, plastic waste, pyrolysis oil, reactor design, renewable identification number, the Renewable Fuel Standard (rfs2), solid recovered fuels, torrefaction and torrefied biomass, waste to energy, and waste-to-hydrogen. This is a multidisciplinary group of green energy consultants that is a virtual “one stop shop” for any client need and handles projects of all types and sizes.
Look at our experts and the services we provide. Most of our experts are also available to advise and serve as expert witnesses in bioeconomy litigation matters. For the larger projects, we specialize in putting together full service, interdisciplinary teams with one point of contact. See video about LEC here. Call us at 1+ (501) 833-8511 or email us for more information. See also: Emerging Biofuels