Surfactant Expert

What is a Surfactant?  The term “Surfactant” is a contraction of the term surface-active agent.  A Surfactant is a substance that, when present even at very low levels in a system, has the property of absorbing onto the surfaces or interfaces in the system and altering their interfacial free energies in dramatic ways.  Surfactants help…

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COVID Impact on Pollution

How has COVID impacted pollution?  When history examines the 2020 impact of COVID 19, we believe it will show the pandemic as at least a bit of a mixed blessing.  What we believe history will show is that as people flew and drove less, air quality drastically improved.  In fact, we see predictions that carbon…

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Forest Biomaterials

Forest biomaterials are a class of solid materials derived from trees and shrubs. Forest biomaterials are a source of renewable products that offer many benefits in terms of abundance, low density, strength, cost, easily shaped or used, and performance.  Obvious examples include building products, furniture and paper board, but the list also includes high-tech materials,…

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Climate Change Experts

So, what exactly is climate change and what do climate change experts do?  Climate change is defined as a change in global or regional climate patterns.  It is most pronounced from the mid to late twentieth century and forward and is largely attributed to increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere produced by the…

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Hot Prospects for Chemicals from Biomass

Chemicals from Biomass?  A major theme of 21st Century industrial development will be replacement of fossil resources by renewable resources in the production of fuels and chemicals.  Due to their massive scale and cost, the rate of displacing fossil facilities will necessarily be evolutionary rather than precipitous.  The most likely scenario is that the biorefinery…

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Carbon Negative Impacts from Biomass Conversion

Many countries have carbon credit programs for biomass conversion, designed to achieve GHG reduction goals. Several forms of biomass diversion from landfills, farms, and other biomass–dependent GHG sources are already in operation to support significant GHG reductions. Examples of GHG reductions are given, and the carbon impact of the different commercially available biomass on GHG…

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Advanced Fermentation Agitation with Methanotrophs and Other Organisms

By Gregory T. Benz, Lee Enterprises Consulting Introduction Advanced fermentation processes, both aerobic and anaerobic, have been successful on an industrial scale for quite a long time, producing a wide variety of products. In most of these processes, if any gas has been added, it has been either air or oxygen-enriched air. In the advanced bioeconomy,…

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Renewable Diesel Consultant

What does a renewable diesel consultant do? Let’s start at the beginning. Renewable diesel is a premium-quality diesel produced from renewable and sustainable feedstocks such as waste animal fats, waste vegetable oils, and greases. It allows a significant reduction in the carbon footprint compared to petroleum diesel without sacrificing diesel engine performance.  It has the same chemical composition as…

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