PET Plastic Biodegradable

Is PET biodegradable?  PET is short for polyethylene terephthalate.  It’s a clear, strong, and lightweight plastic widely used for packaging foods and beverages, especially convenience-sized soft drinks, juices, and water. Nearly all bottles of carbonated soft drinks and water sold in the U.S. are made from PET, which is also popular for packaging salad dressings,…

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Bioplastics

Bioplastics are moldable materials made up of chemical compounds synthesized by things like bacteria or genetically modified plants. Unlike traditional plastics that are made from petroleum, bioplastics are made from renewable resources, and normally contain fewer ingredients from fossil fuels (with some containing none). Some bioplastics are completely biodegradable and compostable.  Their origin (renewable v.…

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Process Development: Bench to Commercialization

Process development -leading a process from bench-scale optimization and characterization through scale-up to piloting and commercialization requires a variety of knowledge and skills for the process development engineer and scientist.  Beyond core competencies (e.g. chemistry, thermodynamics, mass and energy balances, etc.) of those that work in process development teams, there are additional skills that help…

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Torrefied Biomass

Torrefied biomass is available, efficient, CO2 neutral and economic, and likely the best solid biomass on the market.  Torrefaction is a thermal pre-treatment technology used to upgrade lignocellulosic biomass to higher quality and more attractive biofuel. In the torrefaction process, biomass is heated to 250-350°C in a low oxygen atmosphere, so that all moisture is…

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Opportunities to Transition Ethanol Facilities to Biochemical Refineries

By: Daniel A. Lane and Joel A. Stone, Lee Enterprises Consulting Opportunities to Transition Ethanol Facilities to Biochemical Refineries? The US commercial petroleum industry started with the drilling by retired railroad conductor Edwin Drake of a well near Titusville, PA in 1859.  Drake’s well sparked an oil boom and over the next couple of years,…

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Biomass Pyrolysis Comes of Age

By Dr. Lorenz Bauer, Lee Enterprises Consulting After many years of development biomass pyrolysis is finally maturing as a commercial technology.  Pyrolysis is not incineration.  The goal is to use heat in the absence of oxygen to convert the biomass to a more useful form while preserving as much of the carbon as possible.  The water…

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Process Integration in Industrial Biotechnology / Synthetic Biology

What does an expert in process integration in the field of industrial biotechnology or synthetic biology do?  First, let’s define terms.  These two terms are frequently interchanged, but are not exactly synonymous; synthetic biology should be considered one of the tools used to build a commercially useful process in the field of industrial biotechnology.  The…

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Anaerobic Digesters: U.S.

Anaerobic Digesters in the U.S.? The average price of methane (GNG) around the world hit 2.94 U.S. Dollar per U.S. gallon, as of October 5, 2020 and in 3 days it increased 10%. This commodity is becoming more and more relevant to normal day operations at manufacturing plants, Farms, distilleries, among other manufacturing companies in…

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