Residual Treatment Experts

Residuals” is a general term for liquids, with a high solids content, that remain after some sort of industrial process such as wastewater treatment, drinking water treatment, mining operations, petroleum extraction, etc.  The term “residuals” is more or less interchangeable with the term “sludge.” Although sludges are typically thought of as problematic waste materials, they…

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Sludge Treatment Expert

“Sludge” is a general term for liquids, with a high solids content, that remain after some sort of industrial process such as wastewater treatment, drinking water treatment, mining operations, petroleum extraction, etc. Although sludges are typically thought of as problematic waste materials, they may contain valuable constituents including nutrients, metals, and energy content.  A sludge…

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Patents & Intellectual Property in the Bioeconomy

A great deal of the litigation in the bioeconomy concerns the interpretation of patents and other intellectual property (IP).  Topics like freedom to operate and patent infringement can be extraordinarily complex and highly technical, sometimes turning on the interpretation of a single word in a patent claim or specification.  Many parties involved in litigation have…

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Landfill Management

Landfills are facilities designed for the disposal of solid waste and the landfill management to insure their safe and efficient operation is of great important to everyone. There are many types of landfills like Municipal Solid Waste Landfills (including bioreactor landfills), Industrial Waste Landfills (including construction and demolition debris landfills), and Hazardous Waste Landfills. Whether…

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Solid State Fermentation

Solid state fermentation (SSF) is a biomolecule manufacturing process that is used in the food, pharmaceutical, textile, cosmetic, and fuel industries. These molecules are mostly generated by microorganisms grown on a solid support selected for this purpose. This technology, in culturing microorganisms, is an alternative to liquid or submerged fermentation, a method of manufacturing the biomolecules in which the enzymes…

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Plastics Pyrolysis

Plastic pyrolysis refers to converting plastics into other products by means of some thermal type treatment.  An example of such technology would be a plastic-to-fuel (PTF) technology that would convert scrap plastic into fuels. The term “conversion technology” encompasses a broad range of technologies that are used to treat a wide variety of materials in…

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Expert Witness – Intellectual Property

Intellectual property (IP) underlies a great deal of the litigation in the bioeconomy and elsewhere.  Topics like freedom to operate and patent infringement can be extraordinarily complex and highly technical, sometimes turning on the interpretation of a single word in a contract, patent claim, or patent specification.  Companies involved in litigation often have need for…

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Gasification: The Flexible Answer to Biomass Conversion

Is biomass gasification the answer to biomass conversion? Biomass is a rich salad of chemicals that contains many highly valuable materials that are precursors to fine chemicals, nutrients, and pharmaceuticals. But this strength is also a weakness of biomass. The assortment of materials in biomass is bound together in a complex, stable structure in varying…

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