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Cellulosic Hydrolysis Reactors

Cellulosic materials, such as corn stover, cane, switchgrass, timber waste, municipal solid waste, etc., can be processed into fuels and renewable chemicals. Broadly speaking, there are two main methods: pyrolysis and hydrolysis. The former is relatively independent of feedstock but happens at high temperatures and may have yield losses due to breakdown of the molecules […]

Advanced Bioeconomy Business and Financial Services

Lee Enterprises Consulting is the world’s largest bioeconomy consulting group with over 100 subject matter experts all across the world.  We handle hundreds of different services in our five divisions.  As an example, our Bioeconomy Business  & Financial Section handles such items as Accounting & Auditing, Asset Management & Disposal, Biomass Marketing, Biofuels Budgeting (Capital […]

Second Generation Biofuels

Second generation biofuels are those made from sustainable feedstocks as defined by the feedstock’s availability, and its impact on greenhouse gas emissions and land use.  Examples of second generation biofuels are those made from algae, renewable fuels made via the Fischer-Tropsch process, cellulosic ethanol, dimethylfuran, and bio hydrogen.  Different from the first generation biofuels which […]

First Generation Biofuels

First generation biofuels are those made from sugar, starch, or vegetable oil.  Their feedstocks are those that may not be sustainable or might have an impact on food if used in large quantities.  These original first generation biofuels include biodiesel, ethanol, green diesel, bioethers, biogas, and the solid biofuels covering everything from wood and sawdust […]

Recycling Carbon Dioxide to Ethanol

Recycle carbon dioxide to ethanl?  A new promising option for captured carbon dioxide is recycling it back into usable fuels.  Basically, pushing the combustion reaction backwards, the new method converts carbon dioxide back into ethanol, a liquid fuel that is currently used as an additive in gasoline. The process involved development of a catalyst made […]

Expert Witness – Economics & Damages in the Bioeconomy

An expert witness in biotechnology is a person, who by virtue of his or her knowledge, experience, education, training, and skills, has special knowledge of one of the many technologies in the bioeconomy that is not known to the general public.   The function of the biotechnology expert (link to other blog) is to give the […]

Waste to Energy in Municipal Landfills

Many cities and counties need an alternative to simple landfilling as they seek to recycle the more difficult organics and plastics rather than the easier items such as clean paper, plastics and metals.  Traditional waste-to-energy facilities might work well in some instances, but they are normally expensive.  Also, they may not meet the sustainability goals, […]

Expert Witness – Biotechnology

An expert witness in biotechnology is a person, who by virtue of his or her knowledge, experience, education, training, and skills, has special knowledge of one of the many technologies in the bioeconomy that is not known to the general public.   The initial function of the biotechnology expert witness is usually to examine a particular […]