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Fischer Trosphe Expert

What does a Fischer Trosphe expert do?   The Fischer–Tropsch process (or Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis or FT) is a set of chemical reactions converts a mixture of carbon monoxide gas and hydrogen gas into liquid hydrocarbons (like gasoline, diesel and jet fuel).   It is highly feedstock flexible and makes it possible to prepare high-quality drop-in fuels, high-value […]

Biotechnology Experts

What does a biotechnology expert or consultant do?  Biotechnology is the use of some biological processes for industrial or other purpose, like the genetic manipulation of microorganisms for the production of antibiotics, hormones, etc.  There are many types of bio technologies, including medical (such as vaccines and antibiotics), agricultural (such as pest resistant crops and […]

Waste-to-Gas Expert

What does a Waste to Gas expert or consultant do?  Waste-to-Gas technology is used to covert waste into gaseous energy products like syngas, biogas, or flue gas. There are many types of waste, including biomass waste, municipal solid waste (MSW), industrial waste, sewage sludge, and used tires that can be used as feedstocks. These wastes […]

Biofuels Expert

What does a biofuel expert do? Biofuels are a replacement for petroleum-derived fossil fuels.  They are derived from biomass and made via processes that meet lifecycle requirements to meet the definition so reducing greenhouse gas emissions.  There are currently three generations of biofuels,  the first generation is from sugar derived from food crops like corn and includes ethanol and ethanol along with fuels derived from further […]

Waste-to-Energy Technology Expert

What does a Waste-to-Energy (WTE) Technology  expert or consultant do?  Waste-to-Energy (WTE) is based on thermochemical and biochemical processes to produce alternative/clean energy from the waste feedstocks, such as biomass waste, municipal solid waste (MSW), industrial waste, sewage sludge, used tires, and other. Waste-to-Energy (WTE) technologies relate to Gasification, Plasma Enhanced Gasification, Steam Reformation, Pyrolysis, […]

Biomass Gasification Expert

What does a biomass gasification expert or gasification consultant do?  Gasification is the process of turning some variety of feedstocks into higher value products. This is most often done by converting a material containing carbon (like coal, biomass, waste, petroleum coke, etc.) —into a syngas. This syngas is then burned to produce electricity, or it […]

What is an Emerging Biofuel?

Within biofuels, examples of emerging technologies are: torrefaction to produce biocoal slow pyrolysis to produce biochar fast pyrolysis to produce pyrolysis oil and biochar hydrothermal carbonization to produce hydrochar hydrothermal liquefaction to produce biocrude stream treated to produce black pellets gasification to produce producer gas and/or syngas. With such early-stage ventures, an important early task […]

Circular Economy and Waste Conversion

By Zoltan Kish, Ph.D. The increasing amount of waste is one of the most demanding problems facing the world, which creates global environmental challenges. Worldwide, 2.12 billion tons of waste are generated annually, and it is expected to rise at the current trend [1]. The most of the trash ends up in landfills emitting harmful […]

Celebrating Canada’s 150th: A Short History of the Biofuel Industry in Canada

 By Dr. Gerald Kutney, Lee Enterprises Consulting The 150th anniversary of Confederation on July 1st is a time to reflect upon the country’s achievements; this article covers the evolution of the Canadian biofuel industry – including gaseous, liquid and solid biofuels, and biomass power – from 1867 to 2017. The foundations of the biofuel industry in […]

Biomass Pyrolysis Comes of Age

By Dr. Lorenz Bauer, Lee Enterprises Consulting After many years of development biomass pyrolysis is finally maturing as a commercial technology.  Pyrolysis is not incineration.  The goal is to use heat in the absence of oxygen to convert the biomass to a more useful form while preserving as much of the carbon as possible.  The water […]