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EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES

Advanced Ceramic Materials – Canada – Developed a novel materials process to modify ceramic structure leading to the unique properties, such as combination of high density and high thermal shock resistance, high level of toughness, hardness, chemical and wear resistance, and modified thermal and electrical properties. The technology exhibits the potential to extend the performance of advanced ceramic materials and subsequent products in structural and electronic applications.

Air Permitting – MSW Gasification – U.S – Worked with MSW facility owner and management to understand facility operations and submit appropriate information and applications to local, state and federal jurisdictions to obtain construction and operating permit.

Asset Appraisals – Biodiesel & Wood Pellet Bills – U.S. & Canada – Conducted appraisals of biodiesel plants and pellet mills.

Bioenergy Facility Site Selection – Canada – Evaluated multiple sites for suitability for biomass conversion technology. Assessment included feedstock availability, site logistics, infrastructure, and impact on project economics. Work included a combination of research, discussions with relevant parties, and inspection of potential sites.

Biomass Cogeneration Power Project – Agricultural Waste (Rice Husk) – Thailand – Project development services related to a grid connected 2 MW biomass cogeneration power project in northern Thailand. The project uses rice husk as its primary fuel source. Steam and heat are provided to an associated textile dying facility. Activities included feasibility study, fuel availability study, environmental and community impact assessment, grid connection study, preliminary design, PPA application, licensing & permitting, preparation of tender documents, contractor negotiations, construction inspection & supervision and commissioning & start-up supervision.

Biomass Power Generation – Canada – Designed, engineered, and managed construction for two greenfield biomass power generation facilities based on 6.5 MW modules using Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) technology for reduced operations and maintenance costs. The projects utilized wood residuals from sawmills and logging operations to generate clean power and heat to be used for lumber drying. The plants were the largest facilities in the world of their type when completed and are operating better than the design basis.

Country Assessment – Biomass Power Generation – Philippines – Conducted study of market opportunities and the regulatory environment for investment in grid-connected, bagasse-fired cogeneration power projects in the Philippines. The completed report included an overview of the country’s power sector, details of the electricity market, status of biofuels for electricity generation, overview of available technologies, summary of the sugarcane industry & companies involved, and options for financing.

Country Assessment – Biomass Power Generation – Thailand – Study of market opportunities and the regulatory environment for investment in grid-connected, bagasse-fired cogeneration power projects in Thailand. The completed report included an overview of the country’s power sector, details of the electricity market, status of biofuels for electricity generation, overview of available technologies, summary of the sugarcane industry & companies involved, and options for financing.

Design & Fabrication of a Bio-oil Process Plant- Netherlands – Design and fabrication of a 120 t/d bio-oil production plant from waste biomass.

Design & Fabrication of Hydropyrolysis Pilot Plant – U.S. – Design & Fabrication of a 2 kg/hr Hydropyrolysis Pilot Plant.

Design & Fabrication of Pyrolysis and Bio-oil Pilot Plant – U.S. – Design and fabrication of a 2 kg/hr pyrolysis and bio-oil catalytic upgrading pilot plant.

Design & Fabrication of Pyrolysis Oil Production Plant – Netherlands – Design and fabrication of a pyrolysis oil production plant, using pyrolysis; biomass capacity 120 t/d of biomass (waste wood, dry basis).

Energy Project Feasibility Study – Canada – Prepared comprehensive report for funding application including technology design, economic analysis, business plan, and engineering documentation for an 8 MW biomass power generation facility with biochar and liquid coproducts.

Expert Witness Evaluation and Testimony – Worldwide – Many of our experts have evaluated matters within their specialty and testified as expert witnesses on a wide variety of biomass and bioenergy projects.

Feasibility Study – Anaerobic Digestion – U.S. – Assisted developer to utilize brewery by-products in a proprietary anaerobic digester system to produce biogas to fuel brewery process boilers and to fuel a CHP unit for electrical energy to the grid and additional process heat, while substantially reducing the effluent BOD5 and related discharge fees.

Feasibility Study – Anaerobic Digestion – U.S. – Assisted local Municipality and Electrical Utility to consider a PPP to upgrade existing conventional WWTF anaerobic digesters to accept organic feedstocks, biosolids and septage. This will significantly increase the solids handling capacity of the WWTF while providing all of their electrical and thermal energy needs as well as BioCNG for their entire fleet.

Feasibility Study – Anaerobic Digestion – U.S. – Feasibility study to add an anaerobic digester to accept cow manure from two dairy farms and to produce biogas to fuel a CHP with electrical energy to the grid and thermal energy for the farm structures. The resulting digestate will be separated to provide animal bedding and organic fertilizer for the farm. A portion of the separated liquid will be utilized to grow specialized algae to produce bio-diesel and bio-jet fuel.

Feasibility Study – Anaerobic Digestion – U.S. – Feasibility Study to consider new Anaerobic Digester system utilizing municipal wastewater biosolids and septage, plus food waste and other organics to produce biogas with a CHP to provide all electrical energy and thermal energy (process heat) for the entire WWTF facility and with gas conditioning to provide BioCNG for their entire municipal fleet.

Feasibility Study – Anaerobic Digestion & Pyrolysis – U.S. –   Feasibility study to consider multiple organic waste streams including pre-consumer and post-consumer food waste, source-separated organics (SSO), fats-oils-grease (FOG), animal wastes, human wastewater biosolids, septage and yard waste. Outputs and by-products include Bio Methane or BioCNG, organic fertilizer and biochar.

Feasibility Study – Bioenergy & Biofuels –U.S. – Conducted a wide variety of feasibility studies, grant searches and grant applications, including Rural Energy for America Program (REAP), and Rural Development Grants and U.S.D.A. feasibility studies many types of alternative fuels and biomass companies.

Feasibility Study – Biomass Power Generation – Canada – Prepared comprehensive report for funding application including technology design, economic analysis, business plan, and engineering documentation for an 8 MW biomass power generation facility with biochar and liquid coproducts.

Feasibility Study – Biomass Power Generation – Laos – Project development services related to a stand-alone 1 MW biomass cogeneration power project in Laos. The project uses rice husk as its primary fuel source. Steam and heat are provided to an associated textile dying facility. Activities included feasibility study, fuel availability study, environmental and community impact assessment, grid connection study, preliminary design, PPA application, licensing & permitting, preparation of tender documents, contractor negotiations, construction inspection & supervision and commissioning & start-up supervision.

Feasibility Study – Biomass Power Generation – Thailand – Project development services related to a grid-connected 1 MW biomass gasification power project in northern Thailand. The project uses rice husk as its primary fuel source. Activities included feasibility study, fuel availability study, environmental and community impact assessment, grid connection study, preliminary design, presentation to lenders, PPA application, licensing & permitting, preparation of tender documents, contractor negotiations, construction inspection & supervision and commissioning & start-up supervision.

Feasibility Study – Biomass Thermal Generation – Thailand – Project development services related to a grid-connected 10 MW thermal biomass power project in north-central Thailand. The project used cassava field waste (rhizomes) as its primary fuel source. Activities included feasibility study, fuel availability study, environmental and community impact assessment, grid connection study, preliminary design, PPA application, licensing & permitting, preparation of tender documents and contractor negotiations.

Feasibility Study – Enzymatic Biofuels – U.S. – Reviewed the feasibility of the use of enzymatic biofuels production for U.S. producer.

Feasibility Study – MSW Power Generation – Thailand – Project development services related to a grid-connected 6 MW thermal municipal solid waste power project in southern Thailand. The project is located at a landfill site and uses both existing and new refuse as its fuel source. Activities included technology assessment, feasibility study, fuel availability study, environmental and community impact assessment, grid connection study, preliminary design, PPA application, licensing & permitting, preparation of tender documents and contractor negotiations.

Feedstock Evaluation – Biomass – – U.S. – Conducted a complete reviewed of the fuel supply to a 100 MW biomass plant for publically traded company.

Feedstock Evaluation – Biomass – Tanzania – Conducted study for tobacco company to find the availability and cost of alternative sources of biomass from dry tobacco leaves.

High-Temperature Superconductors – Ukraine – Research of High-temperature (High-Tc) superconductors including syntheses, films preparation, and investigating properties of superconducting phases in the Bi-Pb-Sr-Ca-Cu-O and Y-Ba-Cu-O systems.

Hydroelectric Power Generation – Canada – Assisted owner with project development, PPA acquisition, and project implementation plan for a 25 MW run of river power facility. Provided project and construction management services during design, construction, commissioning, and start up. Additional services included the control system design and implementation and the transmission line design.

Hydroelectric Power Generation – Canada – Assisted owner with project development, PPA acquisition, and project implementation plan for a 25 MW run of river power facility. Provided project and construction management services during design, construction, commissioning, and start up. Additional services included the control system design and implementation and the transmission line design.

Investment Due Diligence – Tire Pyrolysis – U.S. – Engaged by an investment firm engaged to carry out a business and technology audit of a start-up, tire pyrolysis venture for an IPO filing.  The demonstration facility, operating conditions and data, pro forma, and related documentation were reviewed

Latex Dipping Projects – U.S. – Several projects have been accomplished in the latex dipped products industry, including trouble-shooting processing problems, and helping companies modify their products to address new FDA requirements, such as the recent ban on glove donning powder.

Next Generation Renewable Jet Fuels – Global – Conducting ongoing research for development of next generation renewable jet fuels.

Plant Design & Construction – Biochemicals & Bioproducts – Canada – Design and fabrication of a 30 t/d wood feed capacity biomass to food additives production plant via biomass pyrolysis.

Plant Design & Construction – Biorefinery – U.S. – Design and fabrication of a 1.5 t/d integrated biomass feed capacity bio-refinery.

Plant Design & Construction – Pyrolysis – Canada – Design and fabrication of a 15 t/d wood feed capacity biomass to food additives production plant via biomass pyrolysis.

Plant Design & Construction – Pyrolysis – Netherlands – Design and fabrication of a Bio-oil Process Plant using Pyrolysis for the Biomass Technology Group, BTG, The Netherlands; biomass capacity 50 t/d of empty fruit bunches (biomass waste from palm oil production)

Plant Design & Construction – Pyrolysis – U.S. – Design and fabrication of two 1.5 l/hr and one 10 t/d/ biomass catalytic cracking pilot and demonstration plants.

Plant Design & Construction – Steam Turbine Upgrade – Canada – Developed project to increase power generation capability at a kraft pulp mill by retrofitting existing backpressure turbines. Evaluated impact on mill steam systems and incremental power production to provide project justification. Provided project and construction management during design, construction, commissioning, and start up. Project was implemented safely, on time, and met all expectations.

Process Optimization – Pyrolysis –U.S. – Optimized a polymer pyrolysis process for a company focused on recovering valuable chemical building blocks and intermediates from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW). With kinetic functions obtained from a combination of literature and experiment, the decomposition profile was modeled as a function of process parameters including: temperature, time, pressure, flow rates, and MSW composition. The kinetic model forms the basis of a demonstration plant under construction that will recover 4,000 tons per year of valuable chemicals.

Renewable Jet Fuel Feasibility Study – Global – Conducted an in depth study for a major international airline to determine the economic feasibility of using 5% – 50% Renewable Jet fuel as replacement to petrojet fuel.

Renewable Diesel Fuel Study for Airline – Global – Conducted an in depth study for a major international airline to determine the economic feasibility of using 90% – 99% Renewable Diesel fuel as replacement to current petro-diesel fuel for GSV’s.

Renewable Jet Fuel Feasibility Study – Europe – Conducted an in depth study for a major European airline to determine the economic feasibility of using 5% – 50% Renewable Jet fuel as replacement to current petro-jet fuel.

Semiconductor and Optical Materials – Russia & Ukraine – Research of the ternary compounds including syntheses, single crystal growth, phase equilibrium, properties; theories of formations of the complex compounds, crystallographic classification, and changing properties; and predicting the possibility of the existence of the new compounds and their crystal structure and properties. The developed complex compounds from the Tl – Pb – Te, Tl – Ta – S, and AI – BIII – CVI systems (AI – Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Ag, Cu; BIII – Ga, In, Tl; and CVI – S, Se, Te) are promising semiconductor, electro-optic, nonlinear-optic, luminescence, pyroelectric, and piezoelectric materials.

Steam Turbine Upgrade – Canada – Developed project to increase power generation capability at a kraft pulp mill by retrofitting existing backpressure turbines. Evaluated impact on mill steam systems and incremental power production to provide project justification. Provided project and construction management during design, construction, commissioning, and start up. Project was implemented safely, on time, and met all expectations.

Technology Development – Biofuels – Worldwide – A novel research and development concept has been developed to optimize the development of new materials and technologies by analyzing and changing the materials system state to develop new technologies and materials with desirable properties and accelerate the innovation implementation in variety industrial sectors (e.g. CleanTech, materials processing).

Technology Development – Biomass Energy Balance Modeling – U.S. & Canada – Process and Mass & Energy Balance Modelling are critical in understanding, development, and optimization of the biomass/waste conversion into clean energy products. Process and Mass & Energy Balance Modelling has been developed and applied for variety biomass/waste conversion and scrubbing/cleaning systems processes.

Technology Development – Scrubbing & Cleaning Systems – Canada – investigated variety alloys and composite materials considering economic factors and harsh conditions (e.g. high temperature, mechanical stress, and acid gases) during waste-to-energy processing to optimize the materials selections for processing reactors and scrubbing/cleaning system.

Technology Development – Scrubbing & Cleaning Systems – Canada – The Biomass/Waste-to-Energy technologies produce pollutants (e.g. tar, acid gases, ammonia, dioxins, furans, heavy metals, and particulate matter). Therefore, effective scrubbing/ cleaning systems have been researched and developed to remove contaminants from the usable fuel products in order to produce clean renewable energy and protect air, water, and land.

Technology Development – Valorization of Waste from Food Processing – U.S. – A project was undertaken to valorize waste from food processing. Commercially attractive waste-derived specific products or fuels were developed for a wide range of wastes, reducing the cost of waste disposal and converting the waste to a co-product.

Technology Development & Marketing – Biofuels – Worldwide – Managed a $20 million effort to design, develop and patent various alternative fuels and fuel additives within the biofuels and fossil fuels industry. Designed a marketing strategy for the demonstration and market introduction of the alternative fuel formulations and additive packages both in the United State and in Europe and Asia. Managed the intellectual property through developing a patents and trade secrets based strategy. Lead the R&D team for the laboratory research and product development efforts under the project. Supported raising capital to support all phases of the program.

Technology Evaluation – Enzymes – U.S. – Evaluated the relative and potential enzyme performance, maintained mathematical model that estimates fermentation production cost to assess performance of industrial enzyme value relative to catalyst activity, capital and operating costs.

Technology Evaluation – Gas to Liquid – U.S. – A novel modular syngas upgrading process is under development for small scale. Integrated flowsheets and equipment lists were developed for a variety of cases producing 1,000 to 20,000 bpd of diesel. Evaluation of the novel process in comparison to conventional technologies show that the modular process has significant advantages at the small scale.

Technology Evaluation – Hydrothermal Carbonization of Digestate – Europe – A comprehensive literature review on using digestate from an anaerobic reactor as a feedstock for hydrothermal carbonization was prepared for a European entrepreneur looking into a venture in Australia.

Technology Vetting – Biofuels – Worldwide – Science and technology assessments and technical due diligence have been provided to optimize the development of new materials and technologies and improve business by saving money and time. Technical due diligence done (including IP/ patent assessment) before investments.

Technology Vetting – Bioplastic – Europe- Review of current state of the art and prospects for future investments in biomass derived plastic materials.  Included suggestions for new materials and projects that led to the preparation of two IP proposals.

Technology Vetting – Cellulose to Ethanol Technology – U.S. – Provided lead consulting support to one of the largest tire manufacturing companies in the world on the identification and selection of a compatible cellulosic ethanol technology for integration with natural rubber manufacturing process. A detail evaluation of both technical and economic feasibility was conducted and recommendations were made for technology selection and deployment.

Technology Vetting – Hydrothermal Carbonization – Europe – The scope of this study was a synthesis of the commercial status of hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) ventures based on information available from the public literature, including company websites and trade-industry publications. The report is interactive, with embedded hyperlinks to major references and company websites using or developing HTC processes.  In addition, an estimate of the commercial status of each venture was included.  The best-in-class ventures were contacted to request further information, and each venture was analyzed and recommendations made to the client.

Thermal Cracking – U.S. – A key intermediate in the preparation of a high value coating product was purified by controlled thermal cracking by an international polymers company. Energy savings of 35% was realized by closely controlling and optimizing the heat transfer to the cracking process and intensifying the process operation. Statistically designed experiments were designed that validated kinetic models to ready the process for commercial implementation. The process is being scaled up to commercial scale.

United Nations Study of Pyrolysis Oil Markets – Europe and Japan- At the request of the United Nations, we developed a study of potential pyrolysis oil markets in several EU countries and Japan. Study was of liquid pyrolysis oil, made from biomass, to be used to replace fossil oil in many industrial, commercial and residential applications. At $50/bbl oil, the combined the market size in the EU and Japan exceeds 120 million tonnes, essentially limitless. Some of these markets are very lucrative, and IRRs of investment are high.